48 terms


Another name for English language learner.
Limited English Proficient
Lau V. Nichols
Court decision that the same school, the same teachers, the same books do not constitute equal education if the student cannot understand the education they receive.
Plyer v. Doe
This court decision prohibits schools from requiring social security numbers from students by stating that under the 14th Amendment a state cannot deny school enrollment to children of illegal immigrants.
What is the difference between Separate Underlying Proficiency and Common Underlying Proficiency?
An argument that assumes proficiency in English is separate from proficiency in a primary language and that this proficiency does not transfer versus the opposite viewpoint.
What is every person belongs to one or more cultures?
The belief that the statement "culture is universal" refers to the idea of multiple cultures.
What is Structural Assimilation?
The act of participating in the social, political, and economic institution of the mainstream culture.
Individual Cultural Contact
These stages are sometimes referred to as Euphoria, Culture Shock, and Adaptation.
Cultural Assimilation
The act of adopting behaviors, values, beliefs, and lifestyles of the dominant society.
The process by which an individual effectively adapts to the mainstream culture.
Communicative Competence
The ability of a learner to convey and interpret messages and to negotiate meanings within specific context
Communicative pair or group tasks
A teacher who is aware of the social uses of language will provide these types of instruction.
difference between CALP and BICS
CALP differs from BICS by being highly dependent on teachers because it is learned almost exclusively in academic settings.
Early production
An ELL student who can use two- and three-word utterances, or recite simple poems, or sing songs
Derivational morphemes
Change the meaning of a word
Pragmatics tells us how _____ affects language use and interpretation.
Context affects language use and interpretation.
Natural Approach
method developed by Krashen and Terrell is based on first language acquisition model and advocates that teachers need to provide language learners with comprehensible input and wait until speech emerges on its own
SDAIE lessons are comprised of what four important components.
Subject matter and academic language development
A SDAIE component that focuses on language and lesson objectives
A procedure that provides a good method for assessing student progress over time.
Brainstorming and KWL charts
An important strategy for bridging, developing experiences, and linking with students' lives
Venn diagrams
An assessment procedure that provides students the opportunity to compare two concepts.
A test is said to be reliable if its measurements provide similar scores for the same students.
student's progress over time
Criterion-referenced tests can be said to be better adapted to measuring ELLs' needs than norm-referenced tests because they provide a historical look at a student's learning.
Points to provide other non-verbal response
actively listens
responds to commands
teachers behavior for Early productive stage students
asks questions that can be answered yes/no and either/or responses, models correct responses
Speech Emergence stage
Participates in small group activities, demonstrates comprehension in a variety of ways.
Intermediate Fluency
Participates in reading and writing activities to acquire new information.
teachers behavior for pre-production stage students
gestures, language focuses on conveying meanings and vocabulary development, and repetition
teachers behavior for Speech emergence stage students
*focuses content on key concept
*provides frequent comprehension checks
*uses performance-based assessment
*uses expanded vocabulary
*asks open-ended questions that simulate language production
teachers behavior for Intermediate Fluency stage students
Fosters conceptual development and expanded literacy through content.
What question shall NOT appear on the Home Language Survey?
What is the student's country of birth?
What are the ESOL training requirements for Category I teachers
15 semester hours or 300 in-service credit points
This scholar has examined issues of language equity or the social policies and practices that lead to inequality for non-native speakers
This scholar has examined educational practices that function as collaborative relations of power and set these against counter-practices that are coercive in nature
This scholar has examined the idea that language can be considered cultural capital and is part of social goods that people accumulate.
This scholar has examined the spread of power relations in the modern world and how those relations are sustained by means of networks shaped largely by language practices.
This scholar has examined the study of the role of language in the workings of power as it is featured linguistically in discourse
According to Peter Roos in the video lecture Legal Issues and ESOL, which of the following states has no state law per se, but does have a state funding law
The Consent Decree settlement terms focus on the following six issues
I. Identification and assessment
II. Equal access to appropriate programming
III. Equal access to appropriate categorical and other programming for Limited English Proficient (LEP) students
IV. Personnel
V. Monitoring
VI. Outcome measures
Euphoria - Honeymoon Stage
Newcomer is fascinated, enthusiastic, eager to learn
Frequently nod and smile even when does not understand
Misunderstandings an unpredictability of others increase
Culture Shock - Hostility Stage
Misunderstandings become intolerable
Newcomer experiences anger, anxiety, insecurity, depression
Manifests hostility and criticism of new situation
Adaptation - Humor Stage
Begins to understand rules of new culture
Becomes tolerant, and can laugh at own mistakes
Some adults remain in this stage
Adaptation - Home Stage
Assimilation of new cultural rules
Individual begins to feel in the same way
Some lose their original culture - others can code switch between cultures
Cultural Code-Switching
The ability to move from one cultural context to another, seamlessly
Linguistic code-switching: ability to move from one language or dialect to another seamlessly
knowledge of language code
Grammatical Competence
knowledge of the norms of interaction
Social Linguistic
ability to connect utterances
Discourse Competence
manipulation of language to meet communicative goals
Strategic Competence