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SWK 736 Study Guide
Terms in this set (40)
The __________________ Has been involved in cultivating, manufacturing, distributing, taxing, and prohibiting drugs for thousands of years.
Human beings have a basic need to find ways to cope with their ____________________ and enhance their existence.
One way to study genetic influences is to study the "twin studies" from Sweden. Describe their findings.
The development of more efficient and faster methods of putting drugs in the body has caused fewer incidents of addiction. Yes or No
________________ has been the most popular psychoactive substance over the millennia.
Two genetic strains of mice were developed to help researchers understand alcoholism. One strain loved alcohol and the other ____________________ alcohol. Within a few weeks of heavy forced _________________ , these once sober mice came to ________________ alcohol. Taking away ________________ also resulted in increased alcohol use after several months. Another group of mice experienced _______________ which caused them to _____________ when they were given access to alcohol. Once the alcohol-loving mice were given access to alcohol they ____________________. When the experiment was completed, the genetically sober alcohol-hating mice did or didn't return to normal drinking ______________.
2. alcohol drinking
5. extreme stress
7. drank themselves to death
Based on the experiment shown in the appendix with the brains going up the slope of loss control, every person starts with a different genetic ______________________. A person may then have experienced low, medium, or high _________________ contributions towards drug addiction. The final factor that will push a person to lose control is ___________________________.
3. levels of use
All stimulants increase _______________________ and _____________________ in the body when they are taken.
1. increase heart rate
2. depletes energy supply
Please explain the concept of "what goes up must come down" in relationship to the peripheral nervous system.
The evolution of plants containing stimulants occurred 65 - 250 million years ago. One example of these plants is ____________________________.
Two neurotransmitters that are released when cocaine is used are ______________________ and ____________________.
There are three factors that make a substance more likely to be abused. They are ____________________ , ________________, and ______________________.
1. amount consumed
2. rate of absorption
3. drug concentration
In the Opium wars, England went to war with Chins because ________________________________________________.
England wanted the right to sell opium in china
During the latter half of the eighteenth century, _______________________ was the primary thing that paid for the slave trade and one of the mainstays of the economy of colonial America.
The Pure _______________ and ___________________ act of 1906 required manufacturers to list ingredients including drugs, on the label of their bottle.
American pilots took ______________________ to fight fatigue and increase concentration.
What are three drug categories? __________________. _______________, and ____________________.
1. uppers (stimulants)
2. downers (depressants)
3. all arounders (psychedelics)
Sigmund Freud became addicted to what drug? _____________________
A psychoactive drug is any substance that directly alters the normal functioning of the ___________________________ ________________________ system.
Drug use causes behavioral, physiological, and emotional effects. For example during stimulant intoxication the person experiences ______________________ and _____________________ but when the person is in stimulant withdrawal the person experiences _______________________ and ________________________.
There are three things that predict how addictive a drug will be. They are ____________________________, ____________________, and ________________________________.
The reward pathway is a survival mechanism that makes the person feel ______________________ when it is stimulated by dopamine.
It takes from ____________________ to _________________________ seconds before an inhaled drug reaches the brain.
It takes from __________________ to __________________ for a drug that is taken intravenously to get to the brain.
The central Nervous system is comprised of the ________________ and the _________________.
The peripheral nervous system is divided into the _____________ and the __________________ system.
Drugs like cocaine and amphetamines artificially _________________ the neuron and signal the brain that the body is being satisfied even though it's not.
The somatic nervous system transmits sensory information between the ___________________ to the brain.
Name two main functions of the old brain ___________________ and __________________________.
The new brain allows us to ______________________ and __________________________.
Craving use a psychoactive drug almost always resides in the __________________________ brain.
Cravings can override the _________________ _______________________'s rational arguments to not use drugs.
Dopamine in released from the Substantia Nigra and stimulates the _________________________/_____________________ pathway which causes the person who used to feel _________________________________________________.
The brain chemistry of substance abusers becomes altered so that the _________________ switch becomes overactive, and the ________________ does not shut off.
Please explain two types of tolerance
Withdrawal can reduced if the person takes a drug that is _______________________________________________________.
There are several types of withdrawal, please explain two.
A failure in the stay-stopped circuit can explain ___________________________________________________________________.
Dependence is characterized by several factors. One is loss of control and the other is _______________________________
A person comes into your office. They are experiencing the following behaviors. Talkativeness, restlessness, and hypersensitivity. is this person intoxicated or withdrawing from stimulants?
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