Upgrade to remove ads
Child Development Chapter 1
Terms in this set (42)
Identify four ways you can benefit from studying children?
-better understand why children act and feel the way they do
-understand caregivers more
-begin to understand yourself
What are typical behaviors?
ways of acting or responding. Understanding these behaviors can help you recognize when children are acting appropriately for their age
Identify four things that caregivers provide to children, in addition to food and clothes.
affection, stimulation learning, teaching them to get along with others, and knowing right from wrong
Compare the lives of children today with those in the 1800s in the areas of health , education and work.
-Play: past: kids had few toys. often homemade.
-Education: past: schools were small, and often included kids of all ages and abilities. Today: use modern technology, and bigger than one room school houses
-Work: past: kids were expected to work hard at a young age. Today: most kids don't work
- Health: Past: parents didn't raise every child born, diseases caused death. Today: deadly diseases are controlled and better nutrition.
-Dress: past: dressed as small adults, clearly saw the difference between boy and girl clothing. Today: clothes are similar and more lazy.
-Parental Love: love never changed
why is play important to children?
They benefit physically, socially, emotionally, and morally
How might studying about children affect your views of childhood?
The way you think about childhood can depend in part on what your childhood was like.
How developed is a babies brain at birth? How does it change by age three?
Not very developed at all it is about ¼ the size of an adult brain. By age three it is more development, children make connections which help brain develop
How does stimulation help a baby develop?
Such activities improve a baby's curiosity, attention span, memory, and nervous system development. Babies who receive stimulation develop more quickly and have a more secure self-image.
How does living in a stimulating environment affect neutral pathways in the brain as a child matures?
As a child matures unused pathways are removed. This means that babies who live in an environment that's stimulating will most likely make more connections.
personality develops through a series of stages, Emotional experiences in childhood have profound effects on a person as an adult.
children go through four stages of thinking that shape how they see and learn about the world.
both biological development and cultural experience influenced children's ability to think and learn. He said social contact was essential for intellectual development.
personality develops through stages. He thought that each stage includes a unique psychological crisis. If that crisis is met in a positive way, the individual normally.
Children observe the people around them behaving various ways
divided environment into five different levels
- the micro-system is the most influential, has the closest relationship to the person, and is the one where direct contact occurs, the micro-system consists of interactions between a persons microsystem
development is similar for each individual
children go through the same stages in about the same order. (All babies lift their heads before they lift their bodies.)
development builds on earlier learning
Development follows a sequence , or an order of steps. The skills learned at one stage build on those mastered earlier.
development proceeds at an individual rate
While all children pass through the same stages of development, each child goes through these stages at his or her own pace.
the different areas of development are interrelated
Though research tends to focus on one area at a time, changes occur in many areas at the same time
development is a lifelong process
The rate of development varies. No matter what the pace is, development does not stop.
name two major influences on development and give an example of each
Heredity and Environment
Create identity, become independent, pursue education and career opportunities
Begin a career
Establish roots, reevaluate life choices
Adjust to children more independent, reassess life choice (and make changes)
Retire, become more involved in community
very late adulthood
Decline in health, share experiences to society
describe how self esteem affects development
it plays a role in people's ability to face and overcome the challenges of each developmental stage, including those of young children. People with low self-esteem often feel that they are failing or constantly disappointing others. Researchers have found a link between low self-esteem and poor school performance, truancy , and criminal behavior.
Give three examples of ways parents and other caregivers can help children develop self-esteem
Giving praise, not being overly critical, setting realistic goals, encouraging new activities, model self - esteem , be honest about mistakes.
what are the benefits of observing children?
-better understanding why kids feel, think, and get the way they do
-gain skills as a caregiver
-learn to enjoy children more
-explore whether a career related to children interests you
-identify children needs
How are objective observations different from subjective observations?
-to better understand their development to identify ways of meeting a particular child needs
-to identify children with special heads
-to give feed back on care giving
which type of observation do you think is more useful, objective or subjective? Why?
objective because its a fact and subjective is your ideas about the observation
the observer writes down everything observed for specific behavior for a set period of time
write down everything observed but over a long period of time
tally of how frequently a certain behavior occurs
a list of skills children should master, or behaviors they should exhibit
When doing a frequency count, why is it important to first establish a baseline count?
they can't before any changes are made to stop behavior
how should ou position yourself and interact eith children when observing?
formal- near the child where you are able to communicate with them well
informal- be discrete, don't make it obvious that you are observing the child
Derrick is observing a specific child. What kinds of data about the child should he record in his notes?
-how the child acts
- what the child does
-what the child needs are
-what mood occurs the most
what is the difference between observation and interpretation?
observation can involve measurements, its a quantitative are, as opposed to qualitative one. An interpretation is an attempt to figure out what has been observed?
explain the importance of confidentiality in connection with observing records
Our observation skills are still developing, so our observations might not match with a professional. This is why we should not discuss the child's behavior with our friends.
You might also like...
Child Development Unit 1, Chapter 1
Child Development Unit 1, Chapter 1
Child Development chapter 1 section 1-3
Chapter 1 Vocab- Child Development
Other sets by this creator
Spanish Vocabulary Quiz
Business Final!! (6/19/18)
Extra Ancient Rome