Cold War Quiz #2
Terms in this set (10)
The House Un-American Activities Committee was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
Hatch Act (1939) Definition
Limits certain political activities of federal employees to protect them from political coercion and to ensure that government programs are administered in a nonpartisan manner and that the advancement of employees is not based on party affiliation.
Smith Act (1940) Definition
AKA the Alien Registration Act. Made it criminal to advocate the violent overthrow of the government or to be a part of any organization devoted to such activities.
Alger Hiss Definition
A former State Department official, leading member in the Democratic Party, and former FDR advisor at Yalta who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
McCarthy's Wheeling Speech Definition
Speech given in February 1950 that focused on the loss of China and depicted a huge conspiracy inside the US government. Claimed that there are many enemies from within the State Department who are Communist and want to overthrow the US government. Hinged argument on the Hiss case.
American convicted and executed for passing nuclear secrets to the Soviets
Mohammed Mossadegh Definition
Nationalist Prime Minister of Iran at a time when the Shah was weak who nationalized Iranian oil. He was overthrown in a secret plot between the Shah, US, and UK.
NSC 68 Definition
Document that defined current the Cold War state and outlined the United States' best plan of action for winning the war: a rapid build-up of US military capabilities.
First satellite in space launched by the Soviets on October 4, 1957.
McCarran Act (1950)
Required Communist organizations to register with the United States Attorney General and established the Subversive Activities Control Board to investigate promoting the establishment of a "totalitarian dictatorship," either fascist or communist.