Upgrade to remove ads
Nursing 101 LCC Unit 4
Nurs 101 taught at Lower Columbia College Fall 2013
Terms in this set (71)
list the health risks of tattoos
allergies to pigments, interferance with MRI, infection
what are the federal regulations for body piercers
there are none!
risks of body piercing
trauma, swelling, bleading, interfere with oral/nasal intubation, chip or crack teeth, accidentally inhaled, allergic reactions, infection
inflammation of the skin with rash and itching. may be allergic or irritant.
treatment options for dermatitis
flush skin with cool later. topical lotion like calamine. systemic drugs like Benadryl.
what is acne
an inflammatory disorder affecting sebaceous glands and hair follicles
management of acne vulgaris
facial clensing and drying agents, medications may include tretinoin or tazarotene, oral Accutane, tetracycline & erythromycin.
removal of surface layers of scarred skin with sandpaper, wire brush, chemicals or diamond wheel
instructions for use of Accutane
women must have negative pregnancy test 2 weeks prior to therapy. They must comply with contraception during & one month after administration.
a skin disorder, usually characterized by rosy appearance of the face. incurable, but may be managed
a boil from which pus drains
treatment for carbuncle
hot, wet soaks, possible antibiotics or surgical incision and drainage
chronic, noninfectious inflammatory disorder of the skin, aggravated by emotional stress, hormonal cycles, infection and seasonal changes. Characterized by patches of erythema covered with silvery scales called plaques
treatment for psoriasis
topical agents such as coal tar extract, steroids, or anthralin, retinoids, vitamin D. Photochemotherapy.
infestation with an itchy mite (sarcoptes scabiei)
ways scabies is spread
skin to skin contact, possibly from handling clothing and linen. Scabies can't live off the body more than 2 days
superficial fungal infections - tinea
treatment of tinea
antifungal creams. oral griseofulvin for severe infections
skin disorder following an infection with varicella or chicken pox
complications of shingles
corneal ulcerations, vertigo & hearing loss, cerebral vasculitis, encephalitis or stroke
instructions to patient with shingles
people who haven't had chickenpox & anyone who is immunocompromised should avoid contact. use cool or warm compresses for itching, wear loose clothing, and avoid scratching the area.
three common types of skin cancer
basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma
treatment of melanoma
radical excision of the tumor and adjacent tissue followed by chemotherapy
infestation with lice
how lice are spread
direct contact from sharing clothing, combs or brushes.
three causes of burns
heat, chemicals and electricity
affects epidermis and part of dermis. painful with pink or red edema. subsides quickly
superficial partial thickness burn
affects epidermis and dermis. mottled pink to red, painful & blistered. blanches with pressure
deep partial thickness burn
deeper layer of the dermis with damage to sweat and sebaceous glands. variable color, does not blanch. sensitive to pressure only.
full thickness burn
entire dermis, & some subcutaneous tissue. leathery skin. painless.
full thickness - 4th degree burn
extends to fat, fascia, muscle or bone. charring.
signs of inhalation injury
sore throat, singed facial hair, hoarseness, carbon in sputum, soot around nose/mouth, shortness of breath, stridor
treatment for carbon monoxide poisoning
drug pf choice for burn patients
most common infections with burns
Staph aureus, and P. aeruginosa
most commonly used antimicrobial in burn patients
Silvadene - Silver sulfadiazine
4 methods of wound debridement in burns
naturally, mechanically, enzymatically, surgically
when is skin grafting required?
deep partial thickness and full thickness burns
graft taken from client's own skin
human skin obtained from cadaver for temporary coverage
heterograft or xenograft
graft obtained from animals for temporary coverage
autograft slit and stretched to cover larger area
Your burn patient has daily hydrotherapy ordered. What is one of the most important actions to perform before this treatment?
administer the prescribed analgesic
Your patient with a severe burn has a synthetic dressing called Biobrane applied. You recognize one benefit of this dressing is...
it can be placed immediately instead of waiting until skin is available for grafting
Your patient presented to the clinic with reddened, blistered skin over their hands. The physician diagnosed dermatitis. You recognize this is caused by:
an allergic or inflammatory response to a substance
Your burn patient has been prescribed a pressure garment that covers their arms and torso. What should your teaching include?
the garment should be hand washed daily; wear it even while sleeping
Is it true that eating chocolate can exacerbate acne?
no association between chocolate and acne has been supported by research
What are carbuncles associated with?
carbuncles may be associated with diabetes, poor diet and poor general health
List several life-threatening complications that are associated with severe burns
hypovolemic shock, inhalation injury, infection
What type of burned skin is leathery white and is not painful?
a full thickness burn
Your patient has been diagnosed with a dermatophytic infection. You would expect to see:
rings of papules or vesicles
Which complication is found more often with electrical burns?
Your patient is scheduled for a wide excision of their skin cancer. This treatment would be most appropriate for which lesions?
drug used to treat pediculosis
permethrin, also known as Nix
drug used to treat shingles
acyclovir, also known as Zovirex
drug used to treat onychomycosis, a fungal infection of the nail beds
terbinafine, also known as Lamisil
drug used to treat acne
tretinoin, also known as Retin-A
A client receiving emergency treatment for severe burns has just been assessed to establish the burn depth. Why is a nurse asked to reassess the burn depth after 72 hours?
early appearance of the burn injury may change
True or False: The open method of burn care refers to keeping the patient room cool and airy
False. Open method refers to covering the burn with antimicrobial cream, but no dressings.
A client with burns had undergone skin grafting. What should you tell them about movement?
Restrict movement for a period
True or False: The most common stress injury seem in acute burn patients is gastric ulcers.
What are effects of protein catabolism in a client with severe burns?
compromised wound healing and immunocompetence
What are functions of the integumentary system?
protection, sensory processing, chemical synthesis
A flat, circumscribed, colored lesion, less than 1 cm in diameter
A fluid filled elevation, less than 1 cm in diameter
A circumscribed deposit of blood pigment, less than 1 cm in diameter
A solid, deep tissue mass, less than 1 cm in diameter
Your patient developed a blister on her heel after participating in a walkathon. She now complains of a low grade fever, and foot pain. Her foot and ankle is slightly swollen, warm and red. You suspect she has developed...
True or False: impetigo is infectious and measures should be taken to prevent spreading it to other members of the household.
Tinea is what kind of infection?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Nursing 101 LCC Unit 1
Nursing 101 LCC Unit 2
Nursing 101 LCC Unit 3
Nursing 101 LCC Unit 5
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 7 Diseases
Chapter 46: Disorders of Skin Integrity and Functi…
Lewis Chapter 24 Integumentary Problems
Assisting in Dermatology chapter 38
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
TOP 30 NCLEX Meds
RN NCLEX Meds - Pearson
RN NCLEX Top Meds
NCLEX 2015 Cram Basics
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
module 5 pharmacology , exam 2
Microbio and pharm (electrical)
2020 HURST Review: Oncology II