Organic Chemistry Functional Groups

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Terms in this set (...)

alkane
squiggle
alkene
squiggle with bar under first line up
alkyne
upward squiggle then long bar with 2 bars around then downward
benzene ring
a ring with top part of hexagon
alcohol
up, down,up then OH squiggle
ether
up, down, up O then down up
amines
3 different ways
1) 3 carbons , 1 nitrogen
2) 1 carbon, 1 nitrogen, 2 hydrogen
3) 2 carbon, 1 nitrogen, 1 hydrogen
up, down N, up, on nitrogen down and to left
alkyl halides
deals with halogens
up, down, up and halogen
thiol
up down up SH
thioether
up down S up down
aldehyde
carbon is always on left and it has double bond to oxygen and hydrogen
ketone
carbon bonded to double oxygen and also another carbon, no hydrogen
carboxylic acid
carbon bonded to double oxygen and OH
ester
carbon bonded to double oxygen bonded to another oxygen bonded to a carbon
amide
carbon bonded to a double oxygen and a nitrogen
acid chloride
carbon bonded to a double oxygen and a chloride
anhydride
carbon bonded to a double oxgen bonded to an oxygen bonded to a double oxygen bonded to a carbon (two of same thing)