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Terms in this set (52)
Father of sociology; focused on social statics and social dynamics
Viewed society like a living organism; progress is inevitable; influenced by Charles Darwin
Influenced Herbert Spencer and the development of functionalism
Creator of the conflict theory; believed that sociological perspective could be used to change society
Analyzes how social groups compete against and interact with one another; popularized in the 1960s.
Identified how suicide rates are influenced by social forces
Debated with Karl Marx . . . a lot; viewed progress as not always a positive - "trapped inside an iron cage."
McDonaldization of Society
Book about the negatives of an overly efficient social system; you lose a sense of humanity and creativity.
Created by Spencer and Durkheim; studies the main components of society and how they "function" and contribute to the survival of social systems
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
"The world is but a stage, and we are merely actors on that stage."
Variable that is "manipulated."
Variable that is "measured."
A relationship between two variables
Only research method capable of identifying a cause/effect relationship between two variables
Group in an experiment not exposed to the independent variable
Group in an experiment exposed to the independent variable
Disruption of research because of subjects' knowledge of the presence of a researcher
Small portion of the population of study
A.k.a. participant observation; sociologist assimilates into social group of study
Author of Outliers
Relationship between large social entities - government, education, industry, and military
A way of life; gives us an identity and teaches us how to act.
Negative consequence associated with a functioning society; pollution, crime, disease, etc.
"Magic of the Washing Machine" guy - cool dude.
Creator of the Stanford Prison Experiment
Stanford Prison Experiment
Suggests that bad environments create bad people
Amount of time - according to Gladwell - one needs to purposefully practice to become an expert; who has that much time? the wealthy . . . that's who.
Capitalists - those that "own the means of production."
The working class
Ice cream sales and rape cases; no relationship
Most widely used of all the research methods
A version of survey research
Communicating research results to participants in a research project
Gang leader for a day; one bad mamajama
C. Wright Mills
See personal troubles and public issues as the same concepts; personal troubles are public issues.
Internal locus of control
Takes responsibility for one's success or failure - not how a sociologist thinks . . .
External locus of control
Does not take responsibility for one's success or failure - more similar to how a sociologist thinks . . .
Italian city in which people live abnormally long lives due to social interaction
macro-sociological approach to view society
social relations between individuals, based on close personal and family ties; community.
social relations based on impersonal ties, as duty to a society or organization.
the state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes, especially as relating to behavioral decisions and attitude change; "I made it through the initiation process . . . I must really love this fraternity!"
Beginning of sociology as a subject area.
"On the surface" purpose of a social program or social entity; intended consequence
Speaker of the TED talk - "Are We in Control of Our Own Decisions?"; Rome with coffee vs. Paris vs. Rome without coffee
Short story that demonstrates the power of culture over one's behavior; Old Man Warner, " . . . those young fools!"
Key variable Durkheim identified when determining the likelihood of suicide.
Males, Protestants, Whites, Wealthy
More likely to engage in suicide than females, Catholics/Jews, minorities, and the poor; Durkheim
Students in the front of the classroom
These students are more likely to volunteer to participate in a class activity because of social forces; social action
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