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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 4 The War for Independence
Terms in this set (47)
A 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct taxation of goos and services within the British colonies in North America, just for paper products
Sons of Liberty founder and educated at Harvard, proved himself powerful and influential as a political activist even though he was unsuccessful in business and deeply in debt
A series of laws enacted by Parliament in 1767, establishing indirect taxes on goods imported from Britain by the British colonies in North America, not paper products, "taxation without representation"
A clash between British soldier and Boston colonists in 1770 in which five of the colonists were killed
Committees of correspondence
One of the groups set up by American colonists to exchange information about British threats to their liberties.
Boston Tea Party
The dumping of 18,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor by colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act
A series of laws enacted by Parliament in 1774 to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party
King George III
British monarch during the American revolution the king we go to war with
Temporary rule by military rather than civilian authority
Patriot civilian soldiers juts before and during the Revolutionary War, pledged to be ready to fight at a minute's notice
Second Continental Congress
The continental congress that convened in may 1775 approved the Declaration of Independence and served the only agency of national government during the revolutionary war
Olive Branch Petition
A document sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III proposing a reconciliation between the colonies and Brian
A pamphlet by Thomas Paine published in 1776 that called for separation of the colonies from Britain
Known for his broad knowledge and skillfully crafted prose was chosen to express the committees points
Declaration of Independence
The document written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 in which the delegates of the Continental congress declared the colonies independence from Britain
Colonists who supported the British government during the American Revolution
Colonists who supported American independence from Britain
The site where Washington and the Continental Army endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
Massed american troops finally surrounded Burgoyne at this place where he surrendered his battered army to general gates. This surrender dramatically changed Britains war strategy; turning point of the American Revolution
A battle took place here when the men marched nine miles through sleet and snow to the objective which was this place, happened on christmas night when Washington led 2,400 men across the Delaware River to surprise attack drunken Hessians
Last battle of the war of independence in 1789 where the British surrendered
An increase in prices or decline in purchasing power caused by an increase in the supply of money
The selling of goods in short supply at inflated prices
Friedrich von Steuben
Prussian captain and talented drill master who volunteered his services to George Washington in 1778
Marquis de Lafayette
French aristocrat and military leader who joined Washington at Valley Forge, lobbied for French reinforcements and led command in Virginia
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown in 1781 ending the American Revolution
Treaty of Paris
The treaty that ended the revolutionary war confirming the independence of the United States and setting the boundaries of the new nation
The belief that all people should have equal political, economic, social and civil rights
Granted the company, the British East India company that was close to bankruptcy bc of colonial boycotts, the right to sell tea to the colonies free of taxes that colonial tea sellers had to pay, monopoly
Bloodiest battle of the war
Parliament issued this to make its power clear which asserted Parliament's full right to make laws to bind the colonies and people of america in all cases whatsoever
Who wrote the pamphlet called common sense and what was its purpose?
Thomas Paine, to show that the time had come for colonists to proclaim independent republic, revolt against the king which begun at Lexington and concord for him
What goals were set by the treaty of Paris?
For European nations to recognize the USA, and for especially Britain to recognize america as an independent country before negotiations began, set the boundaries of the new nation
What caused the Boston massacre and describe what happened?
Conflict between colonists and poorly paid soldiers caused competition for extra work, a fistfight broke out, a mob gathered in front of the customs house and taunted guards, when several deckhands and Crispus Attucks arrived an armed clash erupted killing three, killing three men and Attucks
Who was the first person to die for American independence?
What was the purpose of the Townsend Acts?
To gain revenue from the American colonies through an indirect tax on imported materials
What was the colonial reaction to the Intolerable Acts?
The committees of correspondence quickly assembled the First Continental congress after these acts to discuss and draw up a declaration of colonial rights, defended the colonies right to run their own affairs, supported protests in Massachusetts and stated that if British used force against the colonies, the colonies should fight back
The ideas presented in the Declaration of Independence came from what English philosopher
John Locke and Thomas Hobbs
During the American Revolution what was sorely lacking for the American soldier?
Food and ammunition
When Samuel Adams said, "a glorious day for America," he was referring to?
The battle at Lexington and concord and how the americans were succesful and the British were bloody and humiliated so basically it was a great day that would probably go down in history
What is seen as the lowest point of the Revolutionary War for the continental soldier?
The battle at valley Forge because the conditions were so harsh during the winter, of the 10,000 men, more than 2,000 died. Cold, lack of shelter, and hunger
What battle gave the Continental Army its first much-needed victory and who chose to help us afterwards?
Battle of Trenton
What battle of the American Revolution gave it its first needed victory, who chose to help us afterwards?
Battle of Saratoga
The Sons of Liberty was created after what event?
A direct result of the Intolerable Acts was the creation of?
First Continental Congress
With the aid of the Marquis de Lafayette, what would the French do to also help the American cause
Aided us with material and the french navy supported us at the victory at Yorktown
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