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The First American Literature: Native Americans (1400-1600)

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Native Americans (1400-1600)
Communicated Orally
Native Americans (1400-1600)
Included myths and legends
Native Americans (1400-1600)
Focus on nature
Native Americans (1400-1600)
Creation Stories
The Enlightenment (1607-1800)
Age of Faith (Puritans/Religion)
The Enlightenment (1607-1800)
Age of Reason (Patriots/Politics)
Age of Faith (1607-1750)
Puritans and Pilgrims
Age of Faith (1607-1750)
Genres/Style:
●Sermons
●Plain style
●Instructive
Age of Faith (1607-1750)
Some Major Writers:
●Anne Bradstreet
●John Smith
●Jonathan Edwards
Modernism (1915-1945)
Time of World War I and overwhelming advances in technology
Modernism (1915-1945)
Genres/style:
●Experimental styles
●Dominant
mood=alienation & disconnection
Modernism (1915-1945)
Major writers:
●Ernest Hemingway
●William Faulkner
●John Steinbeck
Contemporary (1945-present)
Time of Post WWII prosperity; media saturated culture
Contemporary (1945-present)
Genres/style:
●Lines of reality blurred
●concern with individual in isolation
●ethnic and women writers emerge
Contemporary (1945-present)
Major Writers:
●Allen Ginsberg, Gwendolyn Brooks, Gwendolyn Brooks, Sylvia Plath, Flannery O'Connor O'Connor, Raymond Carver, Truman Capote
Transcendentalism
(1840-1855)
Stressed individualism, self-reliance, intuition, and connection with nature
Transcendentalism
(1840-1855)
Father of Transcendentalism= Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcendentalism
(1840-1855)
Other major writer=Henry David Thoreau
Age of Reason (1750-1800)
Political context (time of American Revolution)
Age of Reason (1750-1800)
Use of reason over faith alone
Age of Reason (1750-1800)
Genres/style:
●Political pamphlets, speeches, essays, documents
Age of Reason (1750-1800)
Major Writers:
●Ben Franklin
● Thomas Jefferson
●Thomas Paine
Romanticism (1800-1855)
Time of Industrial Revolution
Romanticism (1800-1855)
Genres/style:
●Short stories, novels, poetry
●Imagination valued over reason; intuition valued over fact
Romanticism (1800-1855)
Major Writers:
●Nathaniel Hawthorne
●Washington Irving
●Edgar Allan Poe
Realism (1865-1915)
Civil War era
Realism (1865-1915)
Genres/style:
●Novels, short stories
●Focus on lives of ordinary people; "tell it like it is"
● Nature is powerful, and beyond man's control
Realism (1865-1915)
Major Writers:
●Frederick Douglass
●Harriet Beecher Stowe
●Mark Twain
●Jack London