History Chapter 3 Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

monastery
A place where communities of monks live lives of devotion to God in isolation from the outside world
clergy
church leaders
excommunicate
To declare that a person or group no longer belongs to a church
Pope Gregory
(1020-1085) powerful medieval pope; fought with Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV over the power to choose church officials
sacrament
sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic Church
pilgrimage
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Crusades
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
theology
the study of religion
Monasticism
A way of life in which men and women withdraw from the rest of the world in order to devote themselves to their faith
mendicants
Members of religious orders that emphasize reliance on the generosity of others. From a Latin root that means "to beg".