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48 terms

Anatomy & Phys 2 Chap 27 final

STUDY
PLAY
x-ray for women
mammography
where fertilization occurs in the female reproductive tract
tubules
this supports the uterine tubes
mesosalpinx
one of the limited number women have in their lifetimes
ovum
egg formation
oogenesis
the opening of the female reproductive tract
vagina
the mucosal lining in the uterus
endometrium
the ridge formed by the labia minor
fourchette
the pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple
areola
women try to time this by temperature changes
ovulation
the most common bacterial infection in the US
chlamydia
The "other" female sex hormone
progesterone
this is usually associated with the pituitary gland
infundibulum
vulva by another name
pudendum
there are curtains over the ovaries
fimbriae
after 9 months this becomes the largest muscle in the female body
uterus
foreskin by another name
prepuce
a natural antibiotic that females produce
seminal plasmin
the barometer hormone
inhibin
the ductus deferens by another name
ampulla
male stem cells
spermatogonia
blood flow increases to the penis in response to
parasympathetic stimulation
The basic difference between spermatogenesis and oogenesis is that __________.
one mature ovum is produced in oogenesis, and four mature sperm are produced in spermatogenesis
The organ that makes estrogen and progesterone is the __________.
ovary
the primary sex organ of the the male is the
testes
the reason why they testes are suspended in the scrotum is
regulate temperature
sperms acrosomes contain
enzymes
the surges in LH that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers
ovulation
The usual site of fertilization is the
uterine tube
the uterine layer shed with each monthly cycle is the
functional layer of the endometrium
_____________ cells are located between seminiferous tubules, produce testosterone
interstitial
in which uterine phase does the functional layer of the endometrium start to rebuild
proliferative
Which cell type is actually ovulated from the ovary?
secondary oocyte
Which is the most correct sequence of sperm flow in the male duct system?
seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferens, ampulla, ejaculatory duct, urethra
within the ovary, progesterone is produced by the
corpus luteum.
sperm are produced in the _____________
seminiferous tubules
what hormone is responsible for the secondary sex characteristics found in women
estrogen
which of the following hormones causes the oocyte to mature
FSH
Which of the following absorb heat from the testes?
the pampiniform plexus
Which of the following structures makes up most of the male urethral length?
spongy urethra
In response to warmth, the scrotum __________.
increases its surface area
what do interstitial cells do?
make testosterone
where is sperm stored?
epididymis
what does the pampiniform venous plexus do?
cools arterial blood to keep the testes below core body temperature
Conversion of haploid spermatids to spermatozoa is specifically called __________.
spermiogenesis
The __________ of the mammary glands are responsible for producing milk during lactation.
alveoli
The functional layer of the endometrium is shed in response to __________.
decreased progesterone levels
The __________ develop into the female duct system.
paramesonephric folds