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Patho chapts 31&32
Terms in this set (52)
A nurse recalls the major hormonal determinant of sexual differentiation in utero is:
A nurse is preparing to teach about puberty. Which information should the nurse include? One substance associated with puberty in males and females is the hormone:
A nurse is discussing female anatomy. Which body structure contains the openings to the vagina and urinary meatus?
While preparing to teach the staff about female anatomy, which information should be included? During the years that a woman is more likely to be sexually active, the vagina mucosa is protected from infection by:
An acidic pH
When a staff member asks the nurse what the thick middle layer of the uterine wall is called, what is the nurse's best response? The:
A nurse recalls the _____ is lined with columnar epithelial cells.
A nurse is preparing to teach about female anatomy. Which information should the nurse include? The female erectile organ that secretes smegma is called the:
A nurse is teaching about the menstrual cycle. Spinnbarkeit mucus is present during which stage of the menstrual cycle?
When the nurse describes the duct that carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus, what is the nurse discussing? The:
A nurse is teaching the staff about female hormones. Which hormone promotes the formation of channels in the mucus of the cervical os to facilitate sperm movement into the uterus?
When a patient who is trying to get pregnant asks where the usual site of fertilization is, how should the nurse respond? The:
Ampulla of the fallopian tubes
A nurse is teaching about the female anatomy. Which information should the nurse include? Cells of the ____ have receptors for gonadotropins.
The nurse is preparing to teach the staff about female anatomy. Which information should the nurse include? The ova are contained within the ovarian:
Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of female anatomy? Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle then develops into:
A corpus luteum
When a staff member asks the nurse what is the most potent of the following estrogens, what is the nurse's best response? It is:
Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of progesterone? Progesterone is primarily secreted by the:
A 56-year-old female is in menopause. She has ovarian failure. While checking the lab results, which of the following will the nurse find?
Progesterone is often referred to as "the hormone of pregnancy," and the patient asks what this phrase means. How should the nurse respond? Progesterone is the hormone of pregnancy because it:
Prevents contraction of the uterus
When the nurse is teaching about the menstrual cycle, which information should be included? Menstruation is followed by the _____ phase of the menstrual cycle.
Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of the menstrual cycle? When estrogen and progesterone levels drop, the endometrium enters the _____ phase.
A staff member asks the nurse when ovulation occurs. What is the nurse's best response? During the menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs when:
Inhibin B sharply spikes
A nurse remembers the LH surge transforms granulosa cells into
Corpus luteal cells
A nurse is teaching about female hormones. Which information should the nurse include? Endometrial thickening during the proliferative phase is stimulated by increased levels of:
A student asks the instructor which of the following hormones stimulates follicular maturation. How should the instructor respond?
Changes in the cervical mucus can be used to identify the periods in which a female is most fertile. How should the nurse describe cervical mucus during ovulation?
Abundant and elastic
A clinician is preparing to teach about spermatogenesis. Which information should the clinician include? Spermatogenesis occurs in the:
When a nurse is describing the male anatomy, which paired glands lie posterior to the urinary bladder in the male?
A patient asks the nurse what is the most sensitive area of the penis. What is the nurse's best answer? The area of the penis with the most nerve endings is the:
What term should the nurse use when discussing male sex hormones collectively?
When discussing the difference between male and female sex hormones, which information should the nurse include? The major difference between male and female sex hormone production is that:
Sex hormones in the male is relatively constant
A nursing student asks the nurse where the glands of Montgomery are located. How should the nurse reply? The glands of Montgomery are located in the:
When a staff member asks which structure secretes glucose-rich fluid into the semen, how should the nurse respond?
When a teenager asks what makes the breast grow, what is the nurse's best response? The hormone that promotes breast development during puberty is:
When a breastfeeding mom asks what causes letdown, which information should the nurse give the patient? The hormone that plays a role in breast milk ejection (letdown) during lactation is:
While speaking to a group of older males, which information should the nurse share? The following is a normal characteristic of aging and the male reproductive system:
Refractory time after ejaculation is prolonged.
A 20-year-old female presents with pelvic and back pain severe enough to miss work. She reports that the pain occurs with the onset of menses. Physical examination fails to find pelvic pathology. The most likely cause of her condition is:
25-year-old female presents with amenorrhea and hirsutism. She is diagnosed with PCOS. Lab testing will most likely reveal:
A 30-year-old female with newly diagnosed PCOS is being counseled by her OB-GYN. The physician indicates that this condition often results in:
A 23-year-old sexually active female presents with white copious discharge and itch. She is diagnosed with yeast vaginitis caused by overgrowth of which microorganism?
The descent of the bladder and the anterior vaginal wall into the vaginal canal is called a:
During a routine pelvic exam, a 34-year-old female is found to have an ovarian cyst containing skin, hair, cartilage, and bone. This cyst is classified as a _____ cyst.
A 40-year-old female presents with cramping and excessive vaginal bleeding. Ultrasound reveals benign uterine tumors in the smooth muscle cells of the myometrium. These tumors are commonly called:
A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with endometriosis. Suppressing which of the following would be the most appropriate medical treatment for this disease?
A 38-year-old female was recently diagnosed with cancer. She learns that her mother almost miscarried while pregnant with her and was given diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent it. Which of the following cancers does she most likely have?
The most commonly occurring cancer of the female reproductive tract is _____ cancer.
A 30-year-old male presents with penile tenderness and discharge. Physical examination reveals that his foreskin cannot be retracted back over the glans penis. He is suffering from
A 68-year-old male presents complaining of difficulty having sexual intercourse. He reports that his penis curves during erection. This condition is referred to as:
_____ is inflammation of the glans penis.
Cryptorchidism can be defined as:
Problems with testicular descent
Symptoms of prostatitis are similar to symptoms of
The patient's medication has a side effect of gynecomastia. The patient asks the nurse to define this term. The nurse would respond that gynecomastia is:
Overdevelopment of breast tissue in males
A syndrome often associated with cystocele is:
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