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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
History Identification 3
Terms in this set (32)
Martin Van Buren
...1837-1841 President after Jackson, was a banker not a frontiers man AKA little Magician. one term president
Hinton R. Helper
Hinton Helper of North Carolina spoke for poor, non-slave-owing Whites in his 1857 book, which as a violent attack on slavery. It wasn't written with sympathy for Blacks, who Helper despised, but with a belief that the economic system of the South was bringing ruin on the small farmer.
Cassius M. Clay
a very influential newspaper editor, he wrote how he felt about slavery (abolitionist) in the news paper. He was attacked often and left to go to the North for Safety
John C. Calhoun
(1830s-40s) Leader of the Fugitive Slave Law, which forced the cooperation of Northern states in returning escaped slaves to the south. He also argued on the floor of the senate that slavery was needed in the south. He argued on the grounds that society is supposed to have an upper ruling class that enjoys the profit of a working lower class.
Senator who persuaded Congress to accept the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Maine into the Union as a free state, and Missouri as a slave state
William Lloyd Garrison
"Old Rough and Ready" general, wins Battle of Monterey, lures Mexican army to attack
General in the Mexican-War; " Old Fuss and Feathers" ; succeeded in battling his way up to Mexico City by 1847.
Site of major victory by American troops under Zachary Taylor over Mexican troops under Santa Anna
John C. Fremont
A captain and an explorer who was in California with several dozen well-armed men when the Mexican War broke out. He helped to overthrow the Mexican rule in 1846 by collaborating with Americans who had tried to raise the banner of the California Bear Republic. He helped to take California from the inside.
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country.
A surprise attack by Texas forces on Santa Ana's camp on April 21, 1836. Santa Ana's men were surprised and overrun in twenty minutes. Santa Ana was taken prisoner and signed an armistice securing Texas independence. Mexicans - 1,500 dead, 1,000 captured. Texans - 4 dead.
1846 proposal that outlawed slavery in any territory gained from the War with Mexico
Allowed people of the territory to decide the status of slavery there; later named popular sovereignty
Fugitive Slave Law
Enacted by Congress in 1793 and 1850, these laws provided for the return of escaped slaves to their owners. The North was lax about enforcing the 1793 law, with irritated the South no end. The 1850 law was tougher and was aimed at eliminating the underground railroad.
1850's- claimed that the other political parties were corrupt, that immigrants were destroying the economic base of America, and disliked Catholics (nativist)
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1852, harriet beecher stowe, antislavery book, widely read- hated by southerners - made northerners more skeptical of slavery
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Freeport Doctrine, argues in favor of popular sovereignty
William H. Seward
"Higher law" and natural rights, Opposed slavery expansion, Whig senator. "Irrepressible conflict" expansion of slavery between north and south
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865.
He was the vice-president of the Confederacy until 1865 when it was defeated and destroyed by the Union. Like the other leaders of the Confederacy, he was under indictment for treason.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
the north would squeeze the south into submission by blockading the southern coasts, seizing control of the mississippi and cutting off supplies of food and other commodities
A general for northern command of the Army of the Potomac in 1861; nicknamed "Tardy George" because of his failure to move troops to Richmond; lost battle vs. General Lee near the Chesapeake Bay; Lincoln fired him twice.
Robert E Lee
General of the Confederates (South)
-one of the most bloodiest battles of the war, 4,800 died
Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson
who was famous for his battle at Bull Run, where he got his nickname "Stonewall," moved troops 51 miles in 2 days at second battle of bull Run, famous for marching his Army to their limit, known as "foot cavalry" and had the biggest victory at Chancellorsville, but died in it? (and born to pover
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Battle which gave the Union control of the Mississippi River, a major part of their Anaconda plan
High Tide of the Confederacy
Gettysburg Battle: Turning point of the Civil War.
William Tecumseh Sherman
United States general who was commander of all Union troops in the West he captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea that cut the Confederacy in two (1820-1891)
John Wilkes Booth
..., was an American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
1,758 expert-verified explanations
United States History
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1,219 expert-verified explanations
America Pathways to the Present
Allan M. Winkler, Andrew Cayton, Elisabeth Israels Perry, Linda Reed
1,345 expert-verified explanations
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