Ch 12-13 US History Jundt

Richard Arkwrigt
inventor of the water frame
Samuel Slater
responsible for bringing new textile machines to the U.S
tools used to produce items or to do work
Albert Gallatin Argued
the reason there were few factories in the US was because of the high availability of farmland in the US
During the war of 1812 Thomas Jefferson said
to be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate (make them ourselves)
The Transportation Revolution
was a period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel
steam-powered train & steamboat
the two new forms of transportation invented during the Transportation Revolution
Robert Fulton's
first first-full sized commercial stameboat was called the Clermont
Gibbson v. Ogden
supreme court case about interstate trade
Verdict of Gibbsion v Ogden
Thomas Givvons' federal license had priority over Aaron Ogden's state license
Tom Thumb
a locomotive that was credited with briging "railroad fever
to the US
Morse Code
a communication system featuring different combinations of dots and dashes to represent letters.
Alfred Lewis Vail
developed the morse code
how steel is made; means heating iron ore to very high temperatures
more appealing fuel source than wood; burned cleaner
invented long before it went into operation; delay because Morse was unable to connect two locations with telegraph wires
John deere
came up with an idea for a steel plow
Cyrus McCormick
Invented the machanial reaper, a machine that quickly cuts down wheat
Alexis de Tocqueville
French writer said contributions made by the Industrial revolution made American life more convenient
Isaac Singer
Largest maker of sewing machings
Eli Whitney
cotton gin worked by a worker cranking the machine and "teeth" separated green seeds from the cotton fibers
Cotton Belt
an area stretching from South Carolina to Texas that grew most of the countrys conton crop
Crop rotation
changing the type of plant grown on a given plot each year in order to protect the land from mineral loss
Slave codes
strict state laws that controlled the actions of slaves
Invisible institution
slave religion
Emotional christian songs sung by slaves
Nat Turners
sentenced to death after the rebellion