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Richard Arkwrigt

inventor of the water frame

Samuel Slater

responsible for bringing new textile machines to the U.S


tools used to produce items or to do work

Albert Gallatin Argued

the reason there were few factories in the US was because of the high availability of farmland in the US

During the war of 1812 Thomas Jefferson said

to be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate (make them ourselves)

The Transportation Revolution

was a period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel

steam-powered train & steamboat

the two new forms of transportation invented during the Transportation Revolution

Robert Fulton's

first first-full sized commercial stameboat was called the Clermont

Gibbson v. Ogden

supreme court case about interstate trade

Verdict of Gibbsion v Ogden

Thomas Givvons' federal license had priority over Aaron Ogden's state license

Tom Thumb

a locomotive that was credited with briging "railroad fever
to the US

Morse Code

a communication system featuring different combinations of dots and dashes to represent letters.

Alfred Lewis Vail

developed the morse code


how steel is made; means heating iron ore to very high temperatures


more appealing fuel source than wood; burned cleaner


invented long before it went into operation; delay because Morse was unable to connect two locations with telegraph wires

John deere

came up with an idea for a steel plow

Cyrus McCormick

Invented the machanial reaper, a machine that quickly cuts down wheat

Alexis de Tocqueville

French writer said contributions made by the Industrial revolution made American life more convenient

Isaac Singer

Largest maker of sewing machings

Eli Whitney

cotton gin worked by a worker cranking the machine and "teeth" separated green seeds from the cotton fibers

Cotton Belt

an area stretching from South Carolina to Texas that grew most of the countrys conton crop

Crop rotation

changing the type of plant grown on a given plot each year in order to protect the land from mineral loss

Slave codes

strict state laws that controlled the actions of slaves

Invisible institution

slave religion


Emotional christian songs sung by slaves

Nat Turners

sentenced to death after the rebellion

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