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60 terms

Minor Surgery Orange Mod

First set of terminology (Minor Surgery) for Orange Mod. Ms. Robinson.
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Abrasion
Rubbing or scraping of the skin or mucous membranes.
Abscess
Localized collection of pus that may be located under the skin or deep within the body
Absorbable Suture
surgical stitch that is left in the body; will absorb.
Acute
Having a rapid onset and severe symptoms, usually subsiding within a relatively short period of time
Antiseptic
substance that renders microorganisms harmless
Approximation
bringing together skin or wound edges
Asepsis
Absence of contaminated materials
Avulsion
tissue forcibly torn away or separated from the body
Bacteriocide
agent that destroys pathogenic bacteria
Biopsy
small sample of tissue excised from the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
Carrier
unaffected person who can transmit infection to another person
Caustic
Substance that burns or destroys organic tissue
Chronic
Persisting for a long period of time
Coagulum
blood clot
Contamination
Soiled through contact with nonsterile materials
Contusion
bruise
Curettage
Scraping a body cavity with a curette
Cyst
Sac of fluid or semisolid material located in or under the skin
Debridement
Surgical removal of damaged, diseased or contaminated tissue
Disease
Definite pathologic process having descriptive set of signs and symptoms
Disinfection
Destruction of pathogens by chemical or physical means
Ethyl Chloride
Topical anesthetic
Fistula
Abnormal tube like passage within the body tissues
Fomite
Inanimate object
Furuncle
Boil
General Anesthetic
Medication given to patient to produce unconsciousness
Hematoma
Localized collection of blood under the skin
Hemostat
Instrument used to clamp blood vessels
Incision
wound with clean neat edges
Infection
Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues causing injury and damage to tissues
Infiltration
Injecting medication into the skin
Iodoform Gauze
Slender strips of gauze covered with iodine, used as a wick to drain infection
Irrigation
Flushing of a cavity or wound with a solution
Laceration
Wound with jagged, irregular edges
Lesion
Wound, sore, ulcer, tumor or any traumatic tissue damage that causes a lack of tissue continuity or loss of function
Lidocaine
Local anesthetic
Littauer Suture Scissors
Scissors used to remove sutures
Local Anesthetic
Medication which produces a loss of sensation in localized area
Medical Asepsis
Aseptic cleaning after use in the body
Microorganisms
microscopic living organisms
Needle Holders
Instruments used to place sutures in the body
Nonabsorbable Suture
surgical stitch that must be removed from the body
Pathogens
disease producing microorganisms
Permeable
able to be passed or soaked through
Polyps
Tumors frequently found in mucous membranes
Puncture Wound
wound made from piercing of the skin with a pointed object
Resident Bacteria
Bacteria found under the fingernails, in hair follicles and in the openings of sebaceous glands and in the deeper layers of the skin
Sanitization
reducing the number of microorganisms to a safe level
Sclerostomy
formation of new opening into the sclera
Sebaceous Cyst
Blockage of oil gland causing a cyst
Spore
Thick walled cell formed within bacteria capable of releasing a toxin
Sterile Field
Any surface containing sterile items
Sterilization
complete destruction of all forms of microbial life
Suppuration
Production of purulent material
Surgical Asepsis
Sterilization before use in the body
Tissue Forceps
Instruments with teeth, used to grasp tissue
Toxin
poisonous subsatnce produced by pathogenic bacteria
Transient Bacteria
surface bacteria that are introduced by fomites and remain with you a short time
Vector
flea, mice, other rodents
Virulent
any infectious agent that produces pathogenic effects