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60 terms

Chapter 6 History

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Urns
Ornamental vases used by Phoenicians for burial
Holy of Holies
The most sacred chamber in a temple
Covenant
The name given to the agreement between the Hebrews and Yahweh
Colonies
The name for the permanent settlements of the Phoenicians in the Mediterranean area
Treaty
An agreement between countries
Scrolls
Rolls of parchment on which the Hebrews wrote their laws and stories
Torah
The laws of Moses were written down in five books that became known as this
Judge
The term describing a leader of a Hebrew tribe, who also served as a military leader
Jacob
The twelve tribes of Israel started with this man. He was Abraham's grandson.
Saul
The first Hebrew king
Council of Merchants
The group that shared ruling power with the Phoenician King/Priest
David
The second Hebrew king
Solomon
The Hebrew king (son of King David) who built the temple in Jerusalem
Phoenician cities
Had walls around them, were crowded, had port/harbor on the outside of the walls
Alphabet
A major contribution of the Phoenicians
Social Justice
A phrase that describes how the Hebrews felt people should be treated
Purple Dye
Phoenicians were known for this which comes from a shellfish
Hebrews
Early on they were traveling merchants; later settled in southern Canaan as farmers
Judaism
The Hebrew religion
Abraham
Hebrew history began with this wealthy merchant from Ur; founding father of the Hebrews
Philistines
Another group that made up the Phoenician people. They came from the eastern Mediterranean near Greece. They were traders and shipbuilders.
Sinai Desert
Place where the Hebrews wandered for 40 years
Exodus
The name for the Hebrew journey out of Egyptian slavery and back to the promised land of Canaan
Joshua
This man took over leading the Hebrews back to Canaan after Moses died
Sidon, Byblos, Beirut, Tyre
Independent Phoenician city-states
Language, Religion and Economy
The common bonds that held together the Phoenician people
Gods/Goddesses tied to nature
This is what Phoenician religion was based on
Carthage
The most important Phoenician colony. It was the first Phoenician colony and it was located on the coast of North Africa
Princess Dido
Founded Carthage on the coast of North Africa
Psalms
Poems in the Bible written by King David
Ten Commandments
These were the most important set of laws that Moses asked the Hebrews to obey
Prophets
People who came to the Hebrews telling them what they were doing wrong and what God wanted them to change
Jerusalem
The capital of the Hebrew kingdom established by King David
Sabbath
Hebrew day of rest
Ezra
The scribe that helped the Jews write down the laws of Moses in the five books called the Torah
Synagogue
Religious group meetings of the Jews in Babylon
Rabbi
A Jewish religious leader that helps with worship; also a Jewish teacher
Bible
The book that holds the history of the Hebrew people
The sea
This is where the Phoenicians turned when they could not make their living off of the land alone
Monotheism
The belief in one God
Israel
The Hebrew kingdom located in the North
Judah
The Hebrew kingdom located in the South
Canaanites and Philistines
The two groups of people that made up the Phoenicians
Canaanites
One of the groups of people that formed the Phoenician people. They came from the desert south and east of Canaan and they were herders.
Philistines
They were traders and shipbuilders
Famine
This caused the Hebrews to end up in Egypt where they were put into slavery
Cedar logs
An important Phoenician natural resource
Murex
Shellfish that yields purple dye
Nomad
A wandering herder
Colonies
Permanent settlements of the Phoenicians
Descendants
Offsprings; the children of parents
Alphabet
Letters from which any number of words can be formed; this was the most important gift of the Phoenicians. THEY DID NOT INVENT IT, but they passed it on to other people.
Scrolls
Rolls of parchment
Canaan
The land in which both Phoenicians and Hebrews lived. This area was the "bridge" that connected Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Tyre
Trading city known for purple dye
Baal
A Canaanite god
Yahweh
Name of the Hebrew God
Moses
Exodus leader of the Hebrews
Saul
First Hebrew king
Joshua
The leader and general who led the Hebrews back into Canaan after Moses died