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acute respiratiry distress syndrome (ARDS)

a form of the sudden onset of severe lung dysfunction affecting both lungs, making breathing extremely difficult

airway inflammation

the swelling and clogging of the airways with mucus

airway obstruction

occurs when food or a foreign object blocks the airway and prevents air from entering or leaving the lungs

allergic rhinitis

an allergic reaction to airbone allergens that causes an increased flow of mucus


the very small grape-like clustersfound at the end of each bronchiole


the absence or nearly complete absence of oxygen from the body;s gases, blood, or tissues.


the form of pneumoconios caused by coal dust in the lungs; also known as black lung disease


administered to prevent or relieve coughing


the loss of ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds


the absence of spontaneous respiration


the form of pneumoconios caused by asbestos particles in the lungs


the condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function


any interruption of normal breathing resulting in asphyxia; also known as suffication

aspiration pneumonia

can occur when foreign substance, such as vomit, is inhaled into the lungs


a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing


a condition in whiich the lung fails to expand completely due to shallow breathing or because the air passages are blocked

bacterial pneumonia

often caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae; is the only form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination


an abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than ten breaths per min.


formed where the trachea divides into two branches known as the primary bronchi


the smallest branches of the bronchi


medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs


a localized form of pneumonia that often affects the bronchioles and surrounding alveoli


an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi


the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope


a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut


caused by inhaling cotton dust into the lungs and usually occurs after working in a textile factory

chest imaging

chest x-ray; a valuable tool for diagnosing pneumonia, lung tumors, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, tuberculosis, and emphysema

Cheyne-Strokes Respiration

a pattern of alternating periods of hypopnea or apnea followed by hyperpnea

chronic bronchitis

a condition where the airways have become inflamed and thickened, and there is an increase in the number and size of mucus-producing cells


chronic obstructive pulmonary disease disease in which it is hard to breath


the thin hairs located just inside the nostrils

collapsed lung

a lung that is unabble to expand to recieve air due to a pneumothorax or atelectasis

CPAP device

positive pressure ventilation device; treatment for sleep apnea that includes a mask, tubes, and a fan to create air pressure that pushes the tongue forward to maintain an open airway


an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx hoarsness and a barking cough


bluish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen

cystic fibrosis

a genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus


(anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

diaphragmatic breathing

a relaxation technique used to relieve anxiety


an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.


any change in vocal quality, including hoarsness, weakness, or cracking of a boys voice during puberty


difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath


the progressice loss of lung function that is commonly attributed to long term smoking


an accumulation of pus or infected fluid in the pleural cavity

endotracheal intubation

the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway


a lid like structure located at the base of the tongue


bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury excessice use of blood thinners or bleeding disorders; also known as a nosebleed

ethmoid sinuses

located in the ethmoid bones, separated from the orbital cavity by only a thin layer of bone


easy or normal breathing


the act of breathing out

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