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acute respiratiry distress syndrome (ARDS)
a form of the sudden onset of severe lung dysfunction affecting both lungs, making breathing extremely difficult
occurs when food or a foreign object blocks the airway and prevents air from entering or leaving the lungs
the form of pneumoconios caused by coal dust in the lungs; also known as black lung disease
a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
a condition in whiich the lung fails to expand completely due to shallow breathing or because the air passages are blocked
often caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae; is the only form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination
a localized form of pneumonia that often affects the bronchioles and surrounding alveoli
a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
caused by inhaling cotton dust into the lungs and usually occurs after working in a textile factory
chest x-ray; a valuable tool for diagnosing pneumonia, lung tumors, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, tuberculosis, and emphysema
a pattern of alternating periods of hypopnea or apnea followed by hyperpnea
a condition where the airways have become inflamed and thickened, and there is an increase in the number and size of mucus-producing cells
positive pressure ventilation device; treatment for sleep apnea that includes a mask, tubes, and a fan to create air pressure that pushes the tongue forward to maintain an open airway
an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx hoarsness and a barking cough
a genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
any change in vocal quality, including hoarsness, weakness, or cracking of a boys voice during puberty
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway
bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury excessice use of blood thinners or bleeding disorders; also known as a nosebleed
located in the ethmoid bones, separated from the orbital cavity by only a thin layer of bone
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