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29 terms

Salivary Glands

STUDY
PLAY
Endocrine System
glands with NO Ducts that secret directly into blood
Hormones
regulates body functions
Pituitary Gland
a)referred to the master gland
b)effects the other glands
c)responsible for growth of bone and maintaining water balance of body
Thyroid
a)located in the neck
b)regulates metabolism
Parathyroid
a)located behind thyroid
b)controls calcium and phosphorus
Adrenal Gland
a)located on upper surface of kidneys
b)secretes adrenalin
Gonads
ovaries and tests
Pancreatic Islets
a)located in pancreas
b)produces insulin
Gland
organ secreting specific product
Duct
a small passage
Parotid
-Stenson's Duct
1)largest salivary gland
2)front and below ear
3)opens opposite side of maxillary 2nd molar
Submandibular
-Wharton's duct
1)lies on the floor of the mouth
2)size of walnut
3)opens lingual of lower anteriors
4)also called submaxillary
Sublingual
-sublingual duct
1)smallest
2)underneath tongue
Contents Of Saliva
1)99% water
2)1% salts and solids
Function
1)lubricating agent
2)cleansing agent
Amylase
enzyme that breaks down food (saliva is part of digestion)
Palatine
two prominent masses of lymphatic tissue situated one on either side between the glossopalatine and pharyngopalatine arches
Lingual
one on either side, situated in the base of the tongue
Pharyngeal
(adenoid)-lies on the roof of the nasopharynx above the level of the palate
Parotid
1)largest salivary glands
2)lies in front of and below ear
3)one on either side of the face
4)secrous secreting
a)ptyalin
b)amylase
Stenson's Duct
exits near buccal surface of the upper second molar
Submaxillary
-submandibular
1)about the size of a walnut
2)lies beneath the lower jaw
3)one on either side of the face
4)serous and mucous secreting
a)ptyalin
b)mucin
Wharton's Duct
located under the tongue near the lingual frenum
Salivary
bland substances stimulate
Sublingual
1)smallest of the major salivary glands
2)situated beneath the mucous membrane of the floor of the mouth
3)one on either side of the face
4)mucous secreting
5)Ducts of Rivinus(numerous small ducts)
6)Bartholin's Duct (single larger duct)
Palatine
almost completely covers the roof of the oral cavity
Lingual
interior area of the tongue
Buccal
covers the inner surface of the cheek
Labial
found under the inner surface of the lips