46 terms

Looking at Movies Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Cinematic Language
The accepted systems, methods, or conventions by which movies communicate with the viewer.
Narrative Film aka Fiction Film
Tells a story with characters, places, events that come straight from the mind of the films creator
Shot
one uninterrupted run of the camera. A shot can be as short or as long as the director wants but can't exceed the length of Film stock in the camera.
Setup
One camera position and everything associated with it. The basic component of the films production.
Editing
The process by which the editor combines and coordinates individual shots into a cinematic whole. The basic creative force of the camera.
Cut
A direct change from one shot to another. The precise point at which shot A ends and Shot B begins.
Close-up
Shot that shows a body filling a frame-traditionally a face but can be a hand eye or mouth.
fade-in/fade-out
Transitional devices in which a shot fades in from a black field or from a colored field.
low-angle shot aka Low Shot
Below the action. Places observer in inferior position
Cutting on action aka Match-on-action cut
Continuity editing technique that smoothed the transitions between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles
Experimental film
Unfamiliar, unorthodox, or obscure subject matter/independent
explicit/implicit
Everything a movie presents on the surface/everything that lies below the surface
Protagonist
Primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a Movie's story
Formal Analysis
Examines how a scene or sequence uses formal elements to convey story, mood, and meaning.
Cultural Analysis
Focuses on the assumptions, mores and prejudices that a movie conveys about gender, class, race, age, etc.
Theme
The central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life
Motif
Recurring visual, sound or narrative element that imports meaning or significance
Dolly-in
Slow moving of camera toward a subject making subject appear larger
Dolly-out
Away from subject-revealing elements of a scene.
dolly shot
Taken by camera fixed to wheel support and runs on tracks
Duration
Quantity of time
point of view
the method of narration; the lens through which the reader sees the action
depth of field
The distance in front of the camera and its lens in which the objects are in apparent sharp focus.
Take
Indication of the number of times a particular shot is taken
eyeline match cut
When a shot conveys or captures a characters point of view
Difference between Passively watching vs Actively Looking at Movies
Passive means watching mindlessly/active means paying attention to how everything works together
Speaking cinematic language allows us to "understand movies that pervade our world" on what three levels?
Fade-in fade-out, low shot angle, cutting on action
How many images per second are there in a typical movie?
21 images per second
Seven primary collaborators in the production of a movie
screenwriters, actors, director of photography, production designer, editor, sound designer, director
What is the director's primary responsibility?
Performance and camera - the coordination of the two
Invisible editing
Audience makes an assumption about the narrative
Relationship between invisibility and cinematic language
They convey meaning intuitively / you have to know what you're looking for
Who created cinematic language and from where did they draw the language?
The industry / it was adapted through time
Who is Sergei Einstein how did his ideas on editing influence experimental film?
Pioneering soviet filmmaker & theorist. He believed every edit should be noticeable.
What are the characteristics of experimental film?
Self-reflexive styles that confront and confound conventional notions of continuity.
What is cultural invisibility? How does it differ from invisibility?
Reinforcing viewers shared belief systems. They go unnoticed.
Types of film analysis
Formal Analysis, linguistic analysis, feminist analysis, comparative analysis
Formal Analysis
Movie meaning, cinematography, sound and composition
Linguistic analysis
Historical, cultural or imaginary origins.
Feminist Analysis
Depiction of women
Comparative analysis
Compares societal/political issues with movies meanings
plot duration
Time the events explicitly shown on screen are implied to have taken
story duration
Time the narrative arc is implied to have taken
screen duration
Actual time elapsed while presenting the movie's plot - the movie's run time
point of view
The position from which the film presents the actions of a story; not only the relation of the narrators story but also the cameras act of seeing and hearing
2 fundamental cinematic points of view
Omniscient and Restricted