Upgrade to remove ads
CH 25 BIO 110
Terms in this set (42)
What are Hormones?
Hormones are molecules that regulate many activities within the body
What are specific activities controlled by hormones?
Cellular Respiration, Growth, Development, and Reproduction
Hormones are produced by organs called __________.
Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the ________.
Specific hormones only induce responses in specific cells called ___________.
Target cells have ________________, and is activated by them
Receptors for specific hormones
Name the parts of the Endocrine System
Hypothalamus, Pituitary gland, Thyroid gland, Parathyroid glands, Adrenal glands (on top kidney), Pancreas, Testes, and Ovaries
The hypothalamus is part of the _________.
The hypothalamus controls the __________.
What does the pituitary gland consists of?
2 lobes, anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary
Name a major endocrine gland.
The Pituitary gland
What does the pituitary gland produce?
It produces more hormones than any other endocrine gland
The pituitary gland controls _____________.
Other endocrine glands
The hypothalamus controls the secretion of hormones from the _________________.
Which gland controls the entire endocrine system?
What does FSH stand for?
What does LH stand for?
FSH and LH both regulate ___________.
What does GH stand for?
Overproduction of GH results in _______.
Underproduction of GH results in __________.
What hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary gland?
FSH,LH, and GH
What hormone is secreted by the posterior pituitary gland?
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
ADH targets the kidneys, stimulating them to _________________.
Reabsorb more water from the urine to prevent dehydration
Where is the thyroid gland located?
In the neck
Name one of the hormones produced by the thyroid gland.
Calcitonin lowers blood calcium levels by stimulating bone building cells to absorb calcium from the _____________.
blood and add it to bone (brings calcium to bones)
What do the parathyroid glands produce?
PTH increases blood calcium levels by stimulating bones to release calcium into the blood and by stimulating the small intestine to _______________.
Absorb more calcium from food
Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone are considered ____________.
Antagonistic hormones because they have opposite effects
The pancreas serves as an _____________.
The pancreas secretes ________ and ________.
Insulin and Glucagon
______ and _______ regulate the amount of glucose in the blood.
Insulin and Glucagon
When there is too much glucose in the blood _________ stimulates the liver to store glucose as glycogen and stimulates all body cells to take up glucose
When there is too little glucose in the blood, __________ stimulates the liver to break down glycogen into glucose and release it into the blood
What is type 1 diabetes?
Decrease in production of insulin by the pancreas
What is type 2 diabetes?
Decreased uptake of insulin by the body cells
Where are the adrenal glands located?
on top of each kidney
What do Adrenal glands release?
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) and norepinephrine
What helps the body react to stressful situations ? (Fight or Flight)
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
What sex hormone do males produce?
What sex hormone do females produce?
Estrogen and Progesterone
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Endocrine System Hormones
physpath review endocrine system
Mastering Chapter 25-27
BIOL 2020 Chapter 16 Study Guide
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
HRT 255 Final
BIO 301 Exam II
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Applying Wine Analysis
Person und Interaktion - Vorlesungen
Microbiology-Lecture 9 Quiz