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Colonial America (Ch 3)
Terms in this set (42)
England's first attempt to colonize America. Nicknamed "The Lost Colony" because it was deserted by 1590 and remains a mystery.
a document that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area.
a company in which investors buy stock in the company in return for a share of its future profits.
Sir Walter Raleigh
he was granted the right to claim land in America by Queen Elizabeth
Leader of the settlers at Roanoke
a joint stock company that received a charter to settle land in America
England's first successful settlement in America
leader of the colonists at Jamestown. His motto was "work or starve".
he introduced tobacco to Jamestown and married Pocahontas.
she was the daughter of Chief Powhatan, and married John Rolfe.
elected representatives to an assembly.
disagreement with or opposition to an opinion.
to treat someone harshly because of that person's beliefs or practices.
Protestants who, during the 1600s, wanted to reform the Anglican Church.
Protestants who, during the 1600s, wanted to leave the Anglican Church in order to found their own churches.
Separatists who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600s for a religious purpose.
Leader of the Pilgrims at Plymouth colony.
ship that brought the Pilgrim's to America.
the colony of the Pilgrims, where the beliefs of the Pilgrims were practiced.
a formal document, written in 1620, that provided law and order to the Plymouth colony.
Massachusetts Bay Company
company that received a royal charter to establish a colony north of Plymouth.
the acceptance of different beliefs.
he was chosen to be the governor of Massachusetts Bay colony.
during the 1630s, more than 15,000 Puritans journeyed to Massachusetts to escape religious persecution and economic hardship in England.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
the first written constitution in America.
he led a congregation out of Massachusetts and established the colony of Connecticut.
he was banished from Massachusetts because of his protests against the religious intolerance of the Puritans. He founded Rhode Island.
he led a group of dissidents away from Massachusetts and established the colony of New Hampshire.
wealthy landowner in the Dutch colonies who ruled like a king over large areas of land.
colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted.
a Protestant group of dissidents who were known for being tolerant and pacifists. Also called the Society of Friends.
person opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes.
laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America.
Act of Toleration
a law passed in 1649 that granted both Catholics and Protestants the right to worship freely in Maryland.
a Virginia planter who led a rebellion against the colonial government of Virginia.
a rebellion against the colonial government of Virginia in 1676.
a formal plan of government.
a person or country that owes money.
farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops.
she was a settler in Carolina who developed indigo.
a flower used for its blue color in dyes. Called "blue gold".
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