AP Human Geography - Unit 4 Political Geography (2019 CED)
Terms in this set (45)
the largest political unit, the formal term for a country
group of people who have a common cultural heritage, claim a particular space based on tradition as their homeland, beliefs and values that help unify them, and a desire to establish their own state or express self-determination in another way
singular nation of people who fulfill the qualifications for a state
nations that have no independent political entity
country that contains more than one nation
occurs when a nation has a state of its own but stretches across borders of other states
defined area within a state that has a high degree of self-government and freedom from its parent state
the drawing of boundaries for political districts by the party or group in power to extend or cement their advantage
redrawing district boundaries so that each district contains roughly the same number of people
a willingness by one person or group of people to defend space they claim
established by a legal document such as a treaty that divides one entity from another (invisible line)
line drawn on a map to show the limits of a space
identified by physical objects placed on the landscape
determination of how boundaries will be maintained and crossed
the power of a political unit to rule over its own affairs
U.N. Law of the Sea
brought about by the United Nations, this convention was signed by over 150 countries and consists of four zones: territorial seas, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and high seas.
governmental power is held primarily by the central government with very little power given to local governments
governmental power is shared between the central and local governments; displays a hierarchy of power
an alliance involving multiple countries for their mutual benefit such as economic, cultural or political/ military
transfer of political power from the central government to subnational levels of government
the fragmentation of a state or region into smaller, often hostile, units along ethno-linguistic lines
forces that "pull away from the center," or ones that tend to break apart states or keep one from forming
forces that pull people together, such as religion, language, threats, nationalism, etc.
concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
The attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
The capacity of different national and ethnic groups to make a mutual commitment to live together as citizens of the same state.
A new form of global power relationships that involves not direct political control but economic exploitation by multinational corporations
a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals (e.g., Israel or Kashmir today; Eastern Europe during the Cold War,...).
a strategic, narrow waterway between two larger bodies of water
A zone from which military forces or operations or installations are prohibited
A state so weak that its political structures collapse, leading to anarchy and violence
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
the seazone extending 200 nautical miles from the coast over which a state has special rights as to the exploration and use of marine resources
desired regional autonomy expressed by a culturally distinctive group within a larger, politically dominant culture
the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society.
Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population
a policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a country aimed at a group of its nationals living in a neighboring country
an area which can govern itself in certain areas , but does not have complete power to govern (e.g. Nunavut in Canada, Puerto Rico and Native American reservation in the U.S.)
a movement that is trying to gain political independence for some area that it thinks should be its own country
Actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.
the official count of a population
the process of reassigning representation based on population, after every census
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
A political term that refers to a country which is formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country.
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
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