65 terms

ARCH 350 Final

TAMU
STUDY
PLAY
Manhattan Dome, Buckminster Fuller
-Neo-futurist vision
-Technological Optimism
Archigram
An avant-garde architectural group formed in 1960's, based at Architectural Association in London, England.
Included: Peter Cook, Warren Chalk, Ron Herron, Dennis Crompton, Michael Webb, and David Greene.
Walking City, Ron Herron
-Mega Strucure
-Mobile Architecture
-Neofuturism
-Sophisticated Techinique
Graz Art Museum, Peter Cook and Colin Fournier
-Built as part of European Capital for Cultural Celebrations in 2003, now an architectural landmark.
-"Friendly Alien"
Yamanashi Press and Radio Center, Kenzo Tange
-Japanese Metabolism
-Reaction to pressures of Japan overcrowding
-Recalled Futurist's view on suggestion that city could be made of machinery/moveable parts.
Metabolist Modern City, Arata Isozaki
TREE-LIKE BLDG WITH 'PODS' ATTATCHED.
-Lattice with 'clip on' pods, like Archigram
-Cantilevering housing units with a central spine.
-Enforce difference between fixed and moveable.
Nagakin Capsule Tower, Noriaki Kurokawa
-Japanese Metabolism
-Japan Overcrowding
George Pompidou Center, Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers
-Color coded
-"Futurist Revival" of the 60s
-Program: Cultural center, Museum, Library, and Audio-visual Center
Modena Cemetery, Aldo Rossi
Ugly ass building.
-Post Modernism, Populism, European Context
-"FORM IS PART OF HISTORY"
-Building Types: Neo-Rationalists
Robert Venturi
He wrote "Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture" and "Learning from Las Vegas"
-USA Context
-Populism/Post-modernism
Guild House, Robert Venturi
APARTMENT COMPLEX WITH LARGE SUNSET WINDOW AT TOP, WHITE ON FIRST FLOOR
-"Less is a bore"
-Decorated sheds
-POSTMODERNISM
-Learning from Las Vegas
Venturi House, Robert Venturi
-Modernism critique
-EXPLOITED populist notions of history and irony
-Complexity and Contradiction
-Mass Media
-POSTMODERNISM
Piazza d'Italia, Charles Moore
-PLURALISM, HISTORICISM, POPULISM, POST-MOD
-Kitch, Pastiche, Collage
New State Gallery, James Stirling
-PLURALISM, HISTORICISM
-Fragmentation
-"Traditional and High Tech"
-Modern + ancient, but not fused = 'BRICOLAGE'
Wexner Center, Peter Eisenman
-FRAGMENTATION
-"Jaques Derrida": philosopher, deconstruction.
Deconstructivism
Bernard Tschumi, Coop Himmelblau, Daniel Liebeskind, Rem Koolhaus, Frank Gehry, and Zaha Hadid are all good examples of this TYPE of architecture that started in the 2000s.
Deconstructivist
__________ Architecture: "The ability to disturb our thinking about form." And this is what united the group of ________ Architects like Hadid, Gehry, and Tshumi.
Parc de la Villette, Bernard Tshumi
-FRAGMENTATION
-Non-programmatic Spaces
-"Violet and therefore EROTIC collision of lines, points, and surfaces superimposed as layers over the 125 acres of park."
House in Santa Monica, Frank Gehry
-DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Vitra Design Museum and Factory, Frank Gehry
-DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry
-DECONSTRUCTIVISM
-Design strategy for Bilbao
-Steep volumes are translation of MUSIC inside
Guggenheim in Bilbao, Frank Gehry
-DECONSTRUCTIVISM
-3 Types of Cladding: Marble, Titanium, and plaster
Technology and Context
Some architects of this movement are: Buckminster Fuller, Norman Fostes, Kenzo Tange, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Frei Otto, and Santiago Calatrava.
Menil Collection, Renzo Piano
-TECH AND CONTEXT
-Ferro-cement "Leaves"
-White paint and level matched surrounding neighborhood
Tjibaou Cultural Center, Renzo Piano
-territory of France
-TECH and CONTEXT
-Island is 3rd Largest supplier of NICKEL
-Int'l Competition. Renzo thought Kanak huts were beautiful
Carre de Art, Norman Foster
-HIGH TECH ARCH
-Relates new and old architecture
-"Clearly" resembles Roman temple nearby
Seattle Library, Rem Koolhaas
-HIGH TECH
-Redifine as "free information warehouse", not focused on books anymore.
SeaBug Terminal, Rem Koolhaas
ROUND WHITE STRUCTURE WITH GLASS DOME ON TOP.
-high tech
Villa Dall'ava, Rem Koolhaas
-HIGH TECH
.....yup.
Arab Institute, Jean Nouvelle
-HIGH TECH
yup.
Amon Carter Museum, Philip Johnson
-TX MOD/CONTEMP ARCH
-By Amon Carter
Kimbell Art Museum, Louis Kahn
-TX MOD ARCH
-"Spent light"
Modern Art Museum, Tadao Ando
-TX MOD ARCH
-uh huh.
Rachofsky House, Richard Meier
-TX MOD ARCH
-Dallas
Wyly Theater, Rem Koolhaas
-TX MOD ARCH
-Vertical Theater in Dallas
Nasher Sculpture Center, Renzo Piano
BIG OPEN SPACE WITH LOTS OF OUTDOOR LANDSCAPING
-TX MOD ARCH
Hill Bridge, Calatrava
-TX MOD ARCH
-Dallas
MFAH, Mies Van der Rohe
-TX MOD ARCH
-MFAH Addition
Williams Tower and Plaza, Philip Johnson
-TX MOD ARCH
-Houston
Children's Museum, Robert Venturi
-TX MOD ARCH
-Creepy children on the sides
Hannover Principles
Set of statements about designing environment:
1. Environmental impact
2. Effect on sustainability of growth
3. Impact on society
Post Industrial
The _____ __________ _Society_:
-Sustainability, Design, and Design for Sustainability.
Arcosanti, Paolo Soleri
-POST INDUST
-Minimal tech intervention
-Compact = emphasize community
-Arizona
-No carbon footprint
-Harvests sun, wind, and light
Curitiba
-POST INDUST
-85% uses public transportation
-Flores Street
-Lighthouses of Knowledge
Oscar Niemeyer Museum, Oscar Niemeyer
-POST INDUST
Its yellow.
Portland, Oregon
This town:
-transportation (light rail, bikes)
-92,000 acres of green space
-Healthy mix of urban development
-Recycling
-Ecosystem Production
-Water treatment and resource management
-50% of energy comes from renewable resources
City of Masdar, Foster and Partners
CITY OF ______
-Abu Dhabi
-Goal: first ZERO carbon and zero waste city
-high-density
-largely powered by solar farm
-local agriculture
RWE Tower, Overdiek and Partners
-POST INDUST
-RWE AG uses building
-World's first economical building
Caflifornia Acedemy of Sciences, Renzo Piano
-POST INDUST
-Natural light and ventilation
-water efficiency
-recycled bldg materials
Simmons Hall, Steven Holl
-POST INDUST
-MIT campus
Chapel of Sao Pedro, Paulo Mendes da Rocha
-CIVIC FORM
-chapel
-water inside
Pinacoteca do Estado, Paulo Mendes da Rocha
-CIVIC FORM
-Sao Paulo
-Adaptive Reuse
Industrial Archaeology
This is a new interdisciplinary field of study that had an influence on understanding of the industrial past. (OLD bldgs)**
Fiat Lingotto Factory, Renzo Piano
-RECONFIG URBAN
-Originally designed by Giacomo Matte Trucco
-Turin, Italy
-Close collaboration with Govt
-Criticism: favor of wealth with expense of the working class
Paganini Auditorium, Renzo Piano
-RECONFIG URBAN
-Historic Sugar Factory (old)
-"Zuccherificio Eridania" was turned into this.
London Docklands
(docks)
-RECONFIG URBAN
-one of the largest real estate developments in Europe
-LDDC Regeneration statement
-Starting from scratch: develop of transport in docklands
The Shard, Renzo Piano
-RECONFIG URBAN
-London, England
World Heritage Site, Renzo Piano
-RECONFIG URBAN
-Zolverein Site
-Essen, Germany
-By OMA as well
- (red glory thing)
Tate Modern, Herzog and Mueron
-RECONFIG URBAN
-London, England
Caixa Forum, Herzog and Mueron
-RECONFIG URBAN
-Madrid, Spain
Ghirardelli Square
-INDUST REUSE
-San Fran, Fisherman's Wharf
The Cannery
-INDUST REUSE
-Former Del Monte Factory
MASS MoCA
-INDUST REUSE
-Feasability study lead by: Gehry, Simeon Breuner, Robert Venturi, David Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merril.
High Line
-INDUST REUSE
-Competition of 720 to win infrastructure project
-New York
The New Domino, Rafael Vinoly
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