16 terms

Music Composers

Intro to music composers for final
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Josquin
Master of renaissance style of polyphonic vocal music.. wrote sacred and secular music
J.S. Bach
Significant composer of all time. Prolific composer: hundreds of compositions written. Developed compositional techniques (counterpoint) Died in 1750 marking the end of the Baroque Era
Purcell
One of the greatest English composers. Incorporated Italian and French styles into his baroque music.
Handel
- Organist, (similar to Bach,) German composer, wrote The Messiah
Vivaldi
- Wrote many concertos in the Baroque Era, Italian composer, Nicknamed "The Red Priest" because of his bright red hair and prepared to go into priesthood but didn't because of his health. School of Pieta
Mozart
Child prodigy, toured Europe as a child, Studied in Italy where he learned a lot about opera, becomes the "Master of Opera". Early in his career he worked in the patronage system (The Archbishop of Salzburg), Broke free and becomes a freelance musician in Vienna, member of the First Viennese School, popularity dwindled as he aged and then died a pauper
Beethoven
German composer, spent a majority of his career in Vienna, developed "modified patronage system," sought respect as a musician, member of the First Viennese School, begins to lose his hearing at age 29 and his music then reflects his emotions (a new concept in the classical era,) Beethoven's music bridges the gap between the classical and romantic eras
Haydn
Master of developing themes, member of the First Viennese School, choir boy in Vienna as a child, becomes a famous freelance musician but later works in the service of the Esterhazy family, had many responsibilities-write music, perform music, conduct, teach, etc
Schubert
Born in Vienna, Master of the Art Song, Taught school but then gave it up to compose, very poor, threw "Schubertiads" parties where only Schubert's music was played. Good friends with Brahms.
Schumann
German pianist, hand problems, married piano teacher's daughter, founder of the New Journal of Music, mental illness plagued his life.
Chopin
Polish composer, developed the thumb/hand technique used to play piano.
Berlioz
prominent composer of program symphonies (Symphony Fantastique)
Smetena
Czech composer, symphonic poem about his country...nationalistic
Brahms
breathed new life into classical forms, only wrote absolute music, featured in the New Journal of Music as the next Beethoven but took forever to finish a piece because of the pressure.
Wagner
German composer, powerful impact on music, bridged the gap between the romantic era and the 20th century, well known for his writings of opera, control freak...everything had to be a work of art. Wrote his own librettos and incorporated light motif: melody associated with a specific character
Tchaikovsky
most famous Russian composer...wrote the Nutcracker.