19 terms

Sociology Chapter 6

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life structure
the combination of statuses, roles, activities, goals, values, beliefs, and life circumstances that characterize an individual.
early adulthood
the first era of adulthood, spanning ages 17 through 39
middle adulthood
the second era of adulthood, spanning the ages 40 through 59
late adulthood
the third and last era of adulthood, spanning ages 60 and over
novice phase
the first three stages of the early adulthood era, during which a person prepares for entry into the adult world
mentor
someone who fosters and individual's development by believing in the person, sharing the person's dreams, and helping the person achieve those dreams.
work
all of the tasks necessary for producing goods and providing services that meet human needs
labor force
all individuals 16 and older who are employed in paid positions or who are seeking paid employment
profession
a high-status occupation that requires specialized skills obtained through formal education
unemployment
a situation that occurs when people do not have jobs but are actively seeking employment
unemployment rate
a percentage o the civilian labor force that is unemployed but actively seeking employment
outsourcing
a practice that involves moving business units and jobs across national boundaries, where operating and labor costs are less expensive
gerontology
the scientific study of the processes and phenomena of aging
social gerontology
a subfield of gerontology that studies the nonphysical aspects of aging
young-old
a term used to refer to people ages 65 to 74
middle-old
a term used to refer to people aged 75 to 84
old-old
a term used to refer to people aged 85 and older
Alzheimer's disease
an organic condition that results in the progressive destruction of brain cells
dependency
the shift from being an independent adult to being dependent on others for physical or financial assistance