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Greenhouse Exam 1
Terms in this set (48)
The art and science of growing and utilizing plants valued for their aesthetic characteristics other than woody plants that are used in outdoor landscapes.
List the top 5 GREENHOUSE producing states with $100 million in sales
List the top 5 greenhouse CROPS grown (not florist potted plants)
Potted mums, potted poinsettias, roses, bedding/garden, potted plants
Define greenhouse (US definition)
A structure covered with a transparent material for the purpose of admitting natural light for plant growth. The structure is usually artificially heated and cooled.
Define greenhouse (European definition)
Refers to a structure that receives no artificial heating or cooling.
What is a greenhouse range?
A group of greenhouses
What is a head house?
A building that is used for storage, is usually in association or attached to the greenhouse may be used for potting, but not used to grow plants in. Can store materials, have office, ship things, etc
Types of Greenhouses
High tunnel Greenhouse
Basically used for medicine, research purposes
These expand growing seasons. Can start or end later
The future of change & greenhouse production
Whole Foods and Gothom Greens
What types of greenhouse production help save on water?
Hydroponics & Aquaponics
using water to grow fish, and then recycling it to grow plants.
USA, Western Europe, China, & Japan
India & Russia
Origin of the greenhouse industry
The Dutch began producing greenhouse grown plants around the 1600's
Origin of the greenhouse industry in the U.S.
Greenhouse operations began in the US around the heavily populated area of the Northeast.
The first reported greenhouse was built by who?
James Beckman in NYC in 1764
Structures to grow things
Growing rooms, germination rooms
Low tunnels ~4 ft. high
Used in Europe to refer to an artificially heated structure
Whole front will be glass, made for citrus trees (faces west)
How many people in the U.S. work in the floriculture industry?
Mass marketers selling floral products
-home improvement/hardware centers
-toll-free phone and online services
3rd largest agricultural crop behind corn and soybeans
Nursery and Greenhouse crops
Top 5 states in terms of the value of nursery, greenhouse, and floriculture and sod production
Top 5 producing states in floriculture production
"No Special Occasion" 30% of sales
you cannot bring plant material into the US unless it has been quarantined for 37 days.
Top 6 Potted Florist plants
Potted Foliage plants
Foliage plant capital of the world
Top 5 annual plants
Floral Imports (85-98% most common fresh cut flowers)
3. The Netherlands
4. Costa Rica
99% of carnations come from here
83% of all cut flowers are exported by what 4 countries?
73% of all cut flowers are imported by what 5 countries?
5,000 sq. ft or less
Mostly all retail sales
5,000-15,000 sq. ft.
Some retail, some wholesale
15,000 sq. ft or more
Lower production costs
#1 Room for expansion
Land acquired should be larger than what grower needs
Final size should be pre-determined
Make sure you have space for parking, driveway, storage, etc.
Holding pond may be required, can use for irrigation
Service building and greenhouse should be on the same level
Area should be level and well drained
Natural wind breaks may be needed
Snow and snow drifts
Prevent shadowing from trees
#3 Land Predictions
Check on zoning requirements
Zoned for agricultural use
Zoned for commercial
Value of land and property
#5 Labor Supply
Labor vs. Automation
What can you afford
Shipping routes and costs
Can customers find/get to you?
Heating fuel availability
#7 Water Availability
Test for quality
Chlorine and fluorine can affect plants
2 quarts of water is applied to1 sq. ft. per application
What is the purpose for the greenhouse?
About 40 degrees latitude, ridge runs east to west (Northern Hemisphere)
Below 40 degrees latitude, ridge runs north to south
What are the 8 things you should consider when building a greenhouse?
1. Room for expansion
3. Land use predictions
5. Labor supply
7. Water Availability
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