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NR 302 Health Assessment Exam 2 (Jeopardy Questions)
Terms in this set (26)
What are the small, white papules on the hard palate/gums of infants called? These are also often mistaken for erupting teeth.
What are the yellow, elevated nodules of the conjuctiva that do NOT cover the cornea called? It is often seen in the aging adult.
-this occurs on the SCLERA and does not cross the cornea/iris.
-often caused by excessive sun exposure
What is associated with hearing loss in the INFANT if it occurs in the mother during the 1st trimester?
What is the impairment of NEAR vision which commonly occurs in the aging adult when the lens loses its elasticity & accommodation?
-common finding as we age; we lose our near vision but can still see far
What is the type of decreased vision that 80% of infants are born with and which gradually decreases by age 7?
What occurs across the nose and occurs with chronic allergies?
What spots seem to move across the field of vision caused by vitreous fibers?
-not concerning unless there's a sudden onset with pain & an abundance of them
-abundance of them could indicate retinal detatchment
What is the most common cause of deciduous tooth decay in infants and toddlers?
Baby bottle tooth decay
-occurs when they take a bottle of any sugary-sweetened drink (milk, juice, etc.) to bed often
-also when bottle feeding is prolonged past 1 year of age
The impaction of __________ is one of the most common causes of TEMPORARY hearing loss?
What is the gradual hearing loss from nerve degeneration which starts with HIGH frequency tone loss?
-seen in the INNER ear of the aging adult
What is caused by teeth loss and shifting of the remaining teeth which results in jaw imbalance and TMJ?
What commonly occurs with aging and the use of medications with anticholinergic effects?
Decreased saliva production "dry mouth"
What is the deviation of the axes of the eyes, commonly known as "crossed eyed"?
-causes disconjugate vision because one eye deviates off of the fixation point
-esotropia (inward turn of the eye)
-exotropia (outward turn of the eyes)
What is the age when an infant can fixate on an object?
2-4 weeks (1 month)
What is the gray-white arc or circle seen around the limbus in the older adult caused by lipid material deposits?
Seeing differences in which ear structure increases the risk for ear infections?
What is the sensation where the person or room is spinning?
-subjective vertigo (the person feels like THEY are spinning)
-objective vertigo (the person feels like the ROOM is spinning)
What age should ALL 20 deciduous teeth appear?
2 & 1/2 years of age
What causes an infants inability to swallow correctly?
What is the reflex that can be used to test hearing acuity in newborns?
Moro Reflex (also called "startle reflex")
-they have it up until 3 months
What is the even yellowing of the sclera extending up into the cornea?
Which area of hair in the aging adult grows to be courser and stiffer?
What is the reason the nose appears more prominent in the aging adult?
Loss of subcutaneous fat
-most bony prominences become prominent
What is associated with nasal stuffiness and increased epistaxis during pregnancy?
Which developmental stage is when there's a decreased ability to identify odors?
The aging adult
What is the benign, milky, bluish-white appearance of the oral mucosa that is common in African Americans?
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