10 terms

Cell Processes Vocabulary

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Homeostasis
The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing environment
Passive transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use of energy by the cell
Diffusion
The movement of particles from regions of higher concentration to regions of lower concentration
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food.
Osmosis
The diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane.
Active transport
The movement of substances across the cell membrane that require the cell to use energy
Exocytosis
The process in which the membrane of the vacuole surrounding the material fuses with the cell membrane, forcing the contents out of the cell.
Mitosis
In Eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes.
Endocytosis
The process by which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses the particle in a vesicle to bring the particle into the cell.
Cellular respiration
The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from food.