Religion 1010 Cohen: Exam 1
Terms in this set (85)
nature based, poly theistic religion that emphasizes the uses of good magic and not doing harm
Perceived revival of per-christian religious practices
the celebration of the end of fasting of ramadan
celebrated for 3 days
(feast of fast breaking)
divination through contact with ancestors or the dead
the poison oracle (most important of the oracles)
receive the answers based on the chickens reaction to the poison- used by azande
philosophical and metaphysical theories of divine presence in which divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world (Jesus)
interpretation of dreams in order to foretell the future
cultural narrative that recounts the mythology and history of the K'iche' people
13 northern spirits prayed to my the shaman Nadezhda on the island Olkhon
techniques for obtaining information about things unknown, including events that will occur in the future
forms of divination are magical
a symbol or emblem that stands for a social unit
refers to those that are related spiritually
the aboriginal understanding of the world, of its creation, and its great stories
established special relationships between animals and humans
type of totem
how we believe we will end up
the Golden Bough
James Frazer: a classic anthropological work that describes magical beliefs in cultures around the world. Magic follows certain principles such as...
Law of Sympathy (magic depends on association/agreement)
Similarity(Alike= the same)
Contagion(Once in contact, always connected)
Jewish new year- God judges the people and records his judgement in the Book of Life
Release from the endless cycle of rebirth impelled by karma
the pilgrimage to Mecca that 3 million muslims take every year
Birthplace of Muhammad
home of the Hajj pilgrimage
holiest city to muslims
a cubical shrine covered in black this silk hand-embroidered with koranic verses in golden thread that tens of thousands of white robed muslims circle during hajj
Center of "The Sacred Mosque" and contains black stone given to Abraham by Gabriel
the incarnation or embodiment of a God or a deity in Human form
The Church of the Hold Sepulcher
Holiest Christian site in Jerusalem where Christ was cruxified and buried
6 denominations share
1 family hold the key: Joudeh's
1 family unlocks and locks the doors: Nusseibehs
Jews keep order
"Days of Awe"; jewish high holy days observed for 10 days during month of Tishri (7th in Jewish calendar)
Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur
jewish commemoration of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
when God is separate from his people... out there/ over us and around us
"the Book of Changes" Chinese divination text that teaches living in harmony
Yin and Yang
Female- coldness, darkness, softness, earth
male- Warmth, Light, Hardness, Heavens
the idea that the existence of a God is unknowable, that it is as impossible to prove the nonexistence of the supernatural as it is to prove its existence
Dome of the Rock
Islamic shrine located in the Temple Mount in Jerusalem
Muhammad ascended into heaven on winged steed
site where Abraham was commanded to sacrifice his son Issac
the descriptive study of human societies
divination using articles or things that appear by chance
Ex. a chance meeting with an animal (black cat crossing your path)
A person regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of Good and Evil spirits
the illness that the fore conceived from eating the remains of the recently dead
they believed it was the cause of sorcery
"to tremble with fear"
the way we view the world around us
connection with divine
"Night of Power" during Ramadan, celebrated on the 27th day as the might that Mohammad first received the revelation of Qur'an. God determines the course of the world for the next year
the fusion of elements form 2 different cultures.
instruments that are stuck, shaken or rubbed
instruments which air is blows across or into some type of passage way
how we see ourselves or the world came to be
lived unaffected by other cultures for Many generations
the study of the shape of the head... one of many divination techniques
anthropologists were to make sense of cultural systems by studying meaning
analysis of meaning embodied within religious symbols
relating symbols to social structures and psychological processes
part of evolutionary school of religion
thought magic was an early stage that would be replaced by religion
wrote "The Golden Bough"
Law of Sympathy
magic depends on the apparent association or agreement between things
Law of Similarity
that things that are alike are the same
Law of Contagion
things that were once in contact continue to be connected after the connection is severed
studied the Azande- witchcraft in a small scale society
^provided explanations for events and helped to uphold moral standards
devoted himself to the study of anthropology
trobriand islands: participated in the life of the society
saw society as being like an organism in which the parts act to maintain the whole
great social value= supernatural power
felt that religion did not reflect the true consciousness of people but a false consciousness that diverted peoples attention from the miseries of their lives
one of the greatest kings to rule the palenque
his sarcophagus was discovered in 1949
the art on it allowed anthropologists to understand more about the palenque
Baptist preacher who, through carful study of the Bible, believed that the world would end in 1843
beginning of millerism
when it failed it was called the "Great Disappointment"
ex. Jahovah's Witnesses
Wrote the book Mama Lola
immersed herself in the Hatian trade of vodou
British anthropologist who used the word culture in its anthropological sense first. recognized culture as a complex whole
Culture Is Learned!!!!
principle architect of modern social science
a religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things
used functional definition of religion
psycosocial approach- we distort reality in way that help us to avoid conflict
speaking of a culture in words that categorize experience in a particular way... outsiders looking in
one that attempts to see the world through the eyes of the people being studied
using our culture as a basis for interpreting adjudging other societies
shared understanding about the meaning of certain words, attributes, or objects such as colors symbolizing traffic signals
has 3 basic categories of color
red, purple, pink, orange, deep yellow (Hotness)
while, silver, pale gray (coolness, age, and wisdom)
black, blue, purple, green, dark brown, re-brown, dark-gray (dark and warm)
The Text books definition of religion
The realm of culture that concerns the sacred supernatural.
Approaches include: evolutionary, Marxist, fundamental, psychosocial, interpretive
What are the four things Joachim Wach found common in genuine religious experiences?
1. An experience of unseen reality
2. A persons "whole being"
3. A shattering or intense experience
4. Motivates a person to action
What is the definition of religion which we are using for the purposes of this class?
Any persons reliance upon a pivotal value in which that person finds essential wholeness as an individual as a person
What are the "Five (5 ) Common Characteristics of Apocalyptic Thought"?
The end is near
All contained in an apocalypse
Resurrection of dead
The appearance of an eschatological figure
What are the "Six (6) Common Characteristics of Mystery Religions"?
Death and resurrection
some examples of sacred places in some religions. Are there some places in the United States that are, for Americans, sacred space?
Mecca- muslims: where Abraham was born and the hajj pilgrimage occurs
Church of the Holy Sepulcher- Christians: where jesus was crucified and buried shared by 6 different denominations
The Dome of the Rock- Jews the site were Abraham was told to sacrifice his some issac
Death Valley- clemson
What are the 5 things you review when approaching someone of a different belief system?
everyone has the right to their opinion, but not to their facts
every translation is an interpretation
Mesoamerica; The Sarcophagus of Lord Pakal with the Mayan cosmos carved on it. Developed detailed calendar since passage of time had reliqious significance
the termite oracle of the Zande; find a termite mound and stick two differnt branches into it.
temple in Cambodia; largest religious monument in the world
"Day of Atonement"; end of the Jewish holy days when God closes the Book of Life
Instruments that are struck, shaken, rubbed.
Examples: rattle, bell, xylophone
Zande Oracle: the rubbing board
Most often used, fast, cheap
Female wood surface and male lid
Rubbed with medicine/water and buried
Rubs smoothly or sticks (yes)
Spiritual beings who represent values and colors. Yoruba of Nigeria; funfun, pupa, and dudu are Obtala, Sango, and Ossosi. Esu Elegba is the messanger
is considered a sacred place for the Native Americans and New Age writers have also declared it as one of seven intense energy fields around the globe
he was a leader of the Suquamish Tribe and is famous for his speech on ecological responsibility and respect of Native Americans' land rights.
dispensationalism; belief that God has divided the history of the earth into phases; Seven phases, each ending with a catastrophe, such as the Fall, the Flood of Noah, and the Crucifixion.
The psychosocial approach; concerned with the relationship between culture and personality and the connection between the society and the individual.
Muslim family who holds key to the Holy Sepulchre Church. Their ancestors have opened door to church where Jesus believed buried every morning at 4 a.m
Coined the term animatism; Marett thought that the idea of animatism simply grew out of human emotional reaction to the power of nature.
Pastor who handled snakes during his sermons, but was bitten by one and died
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