can involve one person or many people who are responsible for a circumscribed set of tasks
someone who must be responsible for the budgeting and the logistical coordination of the project (time, personnel, production resources)
the creative driving force of the film. brings the screenplay to the screen. someone must be the definitive creative decision maker of the movie, the person who makes sure that everyone's efforts are working toward a common and expressive end.
someone needs to be in charge of lighting and capturing the image on film and video.
someone needs to acquire and manage the costumes and objects used by the actors in the film and to attend to the look of the physical space in which the movie takes place.
principal production team
includes those members with substantial responsibility and often direct creative input. they are the heads of various departments and in the professional world these key positions are supported by technical teams with highly specific jobs.
oversees the logistics of the film from preproduction to distribution, including personnel, scheduling, equipment, locations, and other production resources.
the producer's right hand during the production process. responsible for the day-to-day operations of the film set.
the assistant director
this is to the director what the production manager is to the producer. this person is responsible for the smooth operation of the set. this usually means communicating the director's instructions to the various technical departments and relating the crew's concerns back to the director.
director of photography
aka the cinematographer. collaborates closely with the director on the visual interpretation of the script and the photographic look of the movie. this involved designing the lighting, choosing film stocks or video format, and devising expressive camera angles, compositions, exposures, and focus
assistant camera (person)
aka A.C. a camera and lens expert. they are responsible for the proper functioning of the camera, which includes setting it up, cleaning the gate, checking and pulling focus, selecting filters and lenses (with the D.P.), etc.
this person finds or makes all costumes and maintains them for the duration of the film
aka location sound mixer. the head of the sound department and is responsible for recording the best possible quality sound.
responsible for the proper use and actual placement of the microphone(s) for optimum quality. sometimes it means planting a microphone on the talent or on the set and other times this means holding a boom pole.
sets up the cables, holds a second boom when necessary, and wrangles the cable when the boo operator follows a moving shot. usually on bigger shoots.
casting for type
casting someone because they seem naturally right for the part in some way, whether they look the part, or behave just like your character in real life, or have the same profession as your character.
an organized process by which you schedule and work with a number of potential performers to determine their suitability to your film.
a read through
a reading of the script by the actors with all principal creative people in attendance.
a detailed examination of specific scenes and aim to refine the interpretation of the drama.
on-set rehearsals (on-set run throughs)
rehearsals during the preparation of the actual shooing on location.
those performers who have no lines or important actions in the film, but who populate a scene and give it a sense of realism and authenticity.
a legal document, signed before the cameras roll, simply stating that the performer gives you the right to use his image and voice in your film.