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tissue composed of cells that can contract; three types - skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
this tissue contains cells that receives and transmits messages in the form of electrical impulses; makes up your brain, spinal cord, and nerves
this tissue consists of layers of cells that line or cover all internal and external body surfaces; body's outer layer of skin
this tissue binds, supports, and protects structures in the body; most abundant and diverse of the tissues; includes bone, cartilage, tendons, fat, and blood
connective tissues are characterized by cells that are embedded in large amounts of an intercellular substance called ______; can be solid, liquid, or semisolid
glands (such as adrenal, thyroid, pituitary, and pancreas); hypothalamus and specialized cells in the brain, heart, stomach, and other organs
upper compartment; contains the heart, esophagus, and the organs of the respiratory system
the bones of the arms and legs, along with the scapula, clavicle, and pelvis make up this
a tough membrane that covers that surface of a bone; contains a network of blood vessels, which supply nutrients, and nerves, which signal pain
a network of connective tissue beneath some compact bone; makes bones both light and strong
Red bone marrow
this bone marrow is found in spongy bones, the ends of long bones, ribs, vertebrae, the sternum, and the pelvis; produces red blood cells, platelets, and which blood cells
Yellow bone marrow
fills the shafts of long bones; consists of mostly fat cells and serves as an energy reserve; can only be converted to the other bone marrow and produce blood cells when severe blood loss occurs
the process by which cartilage is slowly replaced by bone as a result of the deposition of minerals
composed of cartilage cells that divide and form columns; bone elongation take place near the ends of long bones in this area
this joint is found in the elbow, which allows you to move your forearm upward and downward
ball and socket joint
this joint is the shoulder joint; it allows your arm to rotate in a complete circle
this joint is formed by your top two vertebrae; it allows you to move your head side to side
this joint is found at the base of each thumb; allowed you to rotate your thumbs and helps you grasp objects with your hand
this lubricating substance is put on joint that are subjected to a great deal of pressure; protects damage of bones by friction
develops when the immune system begins to attack body tissues; joints become inflamed, swollen, stuff, and deformed
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