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WEB DESIGN FINAL
Terms to know.
Terms in this set (69)
A modern system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable form the next.
Computer based information retrieval method. On Web pages, hypertext is any text that is "clickable".
An agreed-upon format for transmitting data between two devices.
HyperText Transfer Protocol
HTTP. The set of rules used to exchange information on the Web. When seen as part of a URL, it tells the user-agent what protocol to use to gather the data for display/use.
Uniform Resource Locator
URL. It is the address of a document or other resource on the Internet.
An instruction to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is written in.
HyperText Markup Language
HTML. The main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser
The markup characters that indicate the start or end of an element - but not the element content itself.
The Element content is everything between the start and the end tag
Provide additional information about the contents of an element. They are always specified in the start tag. Made up of two parts: a name and a value.
Extensible Markup Language
XML. Is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
Document Object Model
Data about data. In other words, it is information about the Web page that it is currently on.
HTML element used to provide structured metadata about a Web page. Multiple meta elements are often used on the same page: the element is the same, but it's attributes are different.
The use of HTML markup to reinforce the semantics, or meaning, of the information in webpages rather than merely to define it's presentation or look.
This attribute specifies a unique id for an element (the value must be unique within the HTML document). Only one Id per HTML document.
Cascading Style Sheet
CSS. A 'style sheet' language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language.
The building block of CSS. A CSS rule has two main parts: A selector, and one more Declaration. The selector is normally the HTML element you want to style.
The instruction in a CSS rule set that tells the browser what elements to 'select' for styling.
The section of a style rule that defines the styles to be applied. Declarations consists of a property and a value.
Is added to a selector and is similar to a class in HTML, but it's not specified explicitly in the markup. It 'acts' like an extra value for a class attribute.
Is added to a selector and 'acts' like an extra element is in the code.
Text inserted in the source code but not displayed in the browser.
A place in code the programmer can target for styling purposes (visual) or enhanced functionality (action)
A program used to view HTML documents. (ie. firefox, chrome, etc.)
A visual guide that represents the skeletal framework of a website.
Another name for folder.
A computer that accesses a service made available by a server.
Is the director that contains all other directories and files on the system and which is designated by a forward slash.
A base-16 number system.
A color component that represents the degree of transparency (or opacity) of a color.
Red Green Blue
Red Green Blue Alpha
Hue Saturation Lightness
Hue Saturation Lightness Alpha
Six-digit codes that represents the amount of Red, Green and Blue in a color, preceded by a hash (#) sign.
File Transfer Protocol
FTP. A standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host.
Internet Service Provider
Names used to Identify one or more IP addresses. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web Pages.
Type whose character widths vary according to the features of the letters.
Also called a 'fixed-pitch', fixed width or non-proportional font, is a font whose letters and characters each occupy the same amount of horizontal space.
Short strokes that extend from and at an angle to the upper and lower case ends of major strokes of a letterform. (ie. Times or Garamond)
Typeface whose letterforms do not contain serifs. (ie. Arial or Helvetica)
The amount of vertical space between lines of type.
An imaginary line upon which the base of each letter rests.
An imaginary line that establishes the height of the body of lowercase letters.
the distance from the baseline to the meanline. Typically this is the height of the lowercase letters and is most easily measured on the lowercase 'x'.
A stroke on a lowercase letter that rises above the meanline
A stroke on a lowercase letterform that falls below the baseline
The process of adjusting the spacing between individual letter forms.
A unit of measurement in the field of typography, eqal to the currently specified point size.
The main text set in one face and point size, with a common leading and column width.
A larger and bolder version of a text face (14pts or more) which is used for headlines and sub-headlines.
An oversized capital letter used at the start of a paragraph.
the typesetting option in which the lowercase letters are set as small capital letters.
text that is aligned at both the left and right margins.
Short exceprts from text that are enlarged and set off from the page, these are used for emphasis.
White characters on a dark background.
Dummy text used as a placeholder to evaluate layout and design.
the space between elements in a composition
The space between major elements in a composition
The space between smaller elements in a composition
When whitespace is used to lead a reader from one lement to another
When whitespace is used to create breathing room and balance.
The order in which the human eye perceives what it sees. This order is created by the visual contrast between forms in a field of perception.
The art and science of organizing the labeling data
Internet Protocol Address
IP Address. A numerical label assigned to each device (ie. computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.
Domain Name System
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