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Prehistoric Cultures Final
Terms in this set (56)
Darwin first set sail on the H.M.S. Beagle in ___________ while his infamous book, The Origin of Species, was published in_____________.
Which of the following would be an example of a behavioral or cultural adaptation to living in a desert environment?
wearing clothing that allows for the free movement of air
T/F Culture is unique to humans.
A folivore eats which of the following?
According to the film, Monkeys, Apes, and Man, which group of primates is tested to evaluate group reaction to danger utilizing a mechanical cheetah?
Industrial melanism of peppered moths in 19th century England is an example of what?
The total complement of genes shared by the reproductive members of a population is known as the:
What best describes: A group of people who share a common culture, including traditions, language, religion and history?
Who was responsible for acknowledging that fossils do not occur randomly and that they can be found in predictable areas?
What is the approximate weight range for all living primate species?
2 oz. - 450 lbs
If the children of Terry Gene Bollea (also known as Hulk Hogan) were born with abnormally developed muscles this could be an example of:
The "X" and the "Y" chromosomes are called:
Strepsirhines are found in which geographic location?
Madagascar, Africa, Asia (d. all the above)
Which of the following characteristics are associated with somatic cells?
produced through mitosis, and comprise the primary type of cells in the human body (d. both b and c only)
The film, In Search of Adam, refers to 3 historical figures who fathered many sons. Who are they?
Thomas Jefferson, Genghis Khan, King Solomon
Which of the following is true of eukaryotic cells?
They have a well organized nucleus
If an individual had blood type "O", what would the genotype be?
No two humans genetically vary from one another by more than about:
Which is an example of a population that does not fit nicely into a "racial" category?
Ainu, Sammi (Lapps), San Kung! Bushmen (d. all of the above)
Which of the following is true of mitochondrial DNA?
It is found outside of the nucleus, it is inherited only through one's mother, there is no exchange of genetic material between maternal and paternal DNA (d. all of the above)
Uniformitarianists believe that:
geologic forces have always been constant
To which Order do humans belong?
The interdisciplinary study of early hominins is known as:
According to the film, In Search of Adam, what family claims to be directly related to King Solomon?
Ethiopian Royal Family
Autosomes possess twice the chromosomes of the sex cells. This is referred to as the ___________ number of chromosomes.
An individual possessing different alleles at the same locus is defined as:
Which of the following primates have a locomotor pattern that would best be described as "vertical clinger and leaper"?
The branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying organisms on the basis of evolutionary relationships is known as:
According to the film, In Search of Adam, Thomas Jefferson's y-chromosome depicts that his ancestors were from where?
Lebanon and Syria
Which of the following best describes balanced polymorphism?
the maintenance of two or more alleles in a population as a result of heterozygous advantage
In the film, Monkeys, Apes, and Man, which of the following was the psychologist who used Rhesus Macaques in his experiments to understand basic human needs and child development?
In the film, The Journey of Man, how were genetic lines traced?
Using mutation on the "Y" chromosomes
Which of the following was the first scientist to declare that racial categories are arbitrary?
Johann Fredrich Blumenbach
A provisional explanation of a phenomenon is known as a:
Which of the following is an example of founder's effect?
Ellis Van-Creveld syndrome among the Amish
Which of the following is NOT true of the Aye, aye?
They are diurnal
If two individuals who were carriers for cystic fibrosis had children, what would the probability be for having a child with the disease?
The work of Thomas Malthus was of central importance for Darwin due to the fact that he:
introduced the idea that organisms have the potential for exponential growth
Which of the following is NOT a diagnostic trait of Strepsirhines?
Which of the following was NOT an influence on Darwin's Origin of Species?
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck; traits are acquired through need and use
According to the film, Monkeys, Apes, and Man, which species of monkey had proven to be highly adaptive and has learned to swim and wash sweet potatoes?
Which of the following would characterize the genotype of an individual with sickle-cell trait?
In the film, Journey of Man, which population of African people are thought by geneticist, Spencer Wells, to be the direct ancestors of all living humans?
The San Bushmen
Lyell's Principles of Geology influenced Darwin's theory of natural selection because:
it introduced the idea of an antiquated earth
Evolution happens at the level of the ________________, while natural selection occurs at the level of the _______________.
Population, Individual organism
Which of the following is NOT a physiological adaptation to high altitude living?
The DNA base, Adenine, always pairs with which of the following:
In the film, Monkeys, Ape, and Man, what behaviors followed after Jane Goodall placed out bananas to attract chimpanzees to her camp?
Conflict and competition
Which of the following would most likely characterize an individual with Kleinfelter's syndrome?
a. XXY; two or more "X" chromosomes and one "Y" chromosome
b. very tall and linear facial features
c. males with small testes and breast tissue and reduced fertility
d. all of the above ***
From the film, Monkey, Apes, and Man, we learned that who among the following was a primatologist who worked with Mountain Gorillas?
Allen's rule is concerned with which of the following?
Which of the following is NOT true of malaria?
an airborne disease found in central Africa
"Race" is not a suitable way to categorize human variation. Which of the following statements is false?
racial traits can be seen as discrete categories that can be measured
The term biocultural evolution refers to:
the interaction between biology and culture in human evolution
55. According to Spencer Wells, if Africa was the cradle of humankind what was its nursery?
what is their theory?
a. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
b. Georges Cuvier
c. Alfred Wallace
d. Charles Lyell
e. Carl Linnaeus
a. Theory of Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics
c. Natural Selection
e. Method of Classification
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