Chapter 7 China & India
Chinese referred to itself as this kingdom because they believed they were in the middle of the earth.
This dynasty replaced the Zhou Dynasty, lasted from 241 - 202BC and unified China.
This dynasty ruled China for more than 400 years. Divided into two periods - Former & Later.
Historical pattern of the rise, decline & replacement of dynasties (ruling families)
Mandate of Heaven
In Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority.
Political system in which nobles are granted use of lands that legally belong to the king in exchange for loyalty, military service and peaceful protection of people who live there.
221 BC; Qin ruler. "First Emperor". Established an autocracy - unlimited govt power used arbitrarily i.e. construction of Great Wall of China.
First emperor of Han Dynasty. Continued centralized govt. Brought peace and stability to China. Departed from Shi Huangdi's strict legalism.
(Liu Bang's great grandson): Longest reigning Han emperor called "Martial Emperor" because adopted policy of expanding empire through war.
Indian epic that explores human values and the concept of dharma (path to righteousness in terms of behavior)
Social class system in India that was strengthened by Hinduism.
In India 321BC - 185 BC (began to decline in 232BC after Asoki's death). Stretched 2,000 miles.
In India 320AD - 535 AD
began Mauryan Empire 321 BC
mounded stone structures built over Buddhist holy relics.
Vast network of transportation/trade routes used to connect China with Western Asia & Rome.