16 terms

Chapter 7 China & India

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Middle Kingdom
Chinese referred to itself as this kingdom because they believed they were in the middle of the earth.
Qin Dynasty
This dynasty replaced the Zhou Dynasty, lasted from 241 - 202BC and unified China.
Han Dynasty
This dynasty ruled China for more than 400 years. Divided into two periods - Former & Later.
Dynastic Cycle
Historical pattern of the rise, decline & replacement of dynasties (ruling families)
Mandate of Heaven
In Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority.
Feudalism
Political system in which nobles are granted use of lands that legally belong to the king in exchange for loyalty, military service and peaceful protection of people who live there.
Shi Huangdi
221 BC; Qin ruler. "First Emperor". Established an autocracy - unlimited govt power used arbitrarily i.e. construction of Great Wall of China.
Liu Bang
First emperor of Han Dynasty. Continued centralized govt. Brought peace and stability to China. Departed from Shi Huangdi's strict legalism.
Wudi
(Liu Bang's great grandson): Longest reigning Han emperor called "Martial Emperor" because adopted policy of expanding empire through war.
Ramayana
Indian epic that explores human values and the concept of dharma (path to righteousness in terms of behavior)
Caste system
Social class system in India that was strengthened by Hinduism.
Mauryan Empire
In India 321BC - 185 BC (began to decline in 232BC after Asoki's death). Stretched 2,000 miles.
Gupta Empire
In India 320AD - 535 AD
Chandragupta Maurya
began Mauryan Empire 321 BC
Stupa
mounded stone structures built over Buddhist holy relics.
Silk Roads
Vast network of transportation/trade routes used to connect China with Western Asia & Rome.