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32 terms

20th Century Nationalism & Independence Movements

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Who was the founder of the Indian National Independence movement and was assassinated bya Hindu for trying to gain equal treatment for "untouchables"?
Mohandas K. Gandhi
Who was the first Prime Minister of independent India?
Jawaharai Nehru
Who was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and demanded partition from India for Muslims?
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Who is the dictator of Libya?
Muammar Qaddafi
Who is the founder of Pan-African Independence movement from Ghana?
Kwame Nkrumah
Who is the founder of Kenya and led Mau-Mau resistance movement?
Jomo Kenyatta
Who is the leader of the African National Congress and is the first black president of South Africa?
Nelson Mandela
Who is the dictator of Zaire?
Mobutu Sese Seko
Who is the first president of Israel?
David Ben-Gurion
Who is the president of Egypt and founder of Pan-Arabism?
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Who is the leader of Iran until he was overthrown by the Islamic Fundamentalism in 1979?
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Who is the leader of palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)?
Yasir Arafat
Who is the Shia religious leader of Iranian Islamic fundamentalist movement?
Ayatollah Khomeini
Who is the leader of Ba'ath party and dictator of Iraq?
Saddam Hussein
What is a form of non-violent resistance/protest which was advocated by Gandhi and copied by Martin Luther King, Jr.?
civil disobedience
What is a Hindu term used by Gandhi to describe his beliefs and policies meaning "truth-life force"
satyagraha
What is a 20th century international movement among Jews to create a homeland in Palestine?
zionism
What was the disputed region between India and Pakistan which led to 3 wars and continued conflict and tension?
kashmir
What is the policy of racial segregation practiced in South Africa and is very similar to the "Jim Crow" laws in the USA?
apartheid
What is the International anti-Colonial movement advocating free and independent African nations?
Pan-Africanism
What is a nationalist and secular (non-religious) Arab movement for more independence and unity (nationalistic) opposes Israel?
Pan-Arabism
Who is the first world?
USA (and other industrialized, democratic nations; rich)
Who is the second world?
USSR (and communist/socialist nations; middle)
Who is the third world?
Africa (unaligned and underdeveloped nations; poor)
What did Nasser seizes control of Canal?
Suez Crisis
What is event called when Israel takes the West Bank, Golan Heights, and Sinai Peninsula in June 1967?
Six-Day War
What is the event called when Anwar Sadat replaced Nasser and plotted a sneak attack w/Syria and Jordan on a Jewish Holy day in October 1973?
Yom Kippur War
What was formed in 1960 of mainly Arab oil producing nations and placed an oil embargo on USA for its support of Israel in 1973?
OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries?
What treaty was signed after Pres Jimmy Carter convinces Anwar Sadat (Egypt) and Menachem Begin (Israel) to sign?
Camp David Accords
What was the Palestinian "uprising" in West Bank and Gaza STrip demanding Israel withdraw form their land and for the creation of Palestinian state?
Intifada
What is the event called when Shah Pavlavi wanted to westernize Iran?
Iranian Revolution
What is a very conservative Islamic movement that wants to return Islamic nations to "fundamental" Islamic values and laws and is opposed to Islamic rulers like Nasser, Sadat, and Hussein?
Islamic fundamentalism