73 terms

COM 215 Exam 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Aristotle's six elements of a play
Plot (beginning, middle, end)
Characters (character of high
rank ex. king
Idea (or thought)
Language (can indicate time or
place)
Music
Spectacle- set, props,
costumes
Protagonist
is the leading character in a novel, movie, drama, or fictional text
Antagonist
is the enemy of the protagonist and a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone
Aristotle's components of a causal plot
Exposition, point of attack, rising action, crisis (and then climax), falling action
Exposition
beginning, setting of the story, introduces the main problem
Point of Attack
point in which is when the playwright starts to dramatize the action, progress of events
Rising action
small units of action following an incident that builds in emotional intensity to the climax of the play
Crisis
where we learn about the problem
Climax
the emotional high point of the action
Falling Action
Climax to the end of the play in which emotional intensity drops
Realism and historical content
the aim of bringing a greater fidelity of real life to texts and performances
rise of working class (industrialization/urbanization
Scientific advances- natural order challenged
Scenery realistic before drama is
Begin of women's suffrage
point to give impression of everyday life
ex. A Dolls House, trifles
Expressionism
Projects human emotions and attitudes into inanimate object; seek truth in spiritual rather than appearances.
Expressionists say that external reality is alterable
Since truth is subjective
Started in Germany
ex. Machinal
Melodramatic
Extensive use of music in plays, music makes emotion
bad always loses but keeps challenging good both clearly defined
Lots of special effects
a sensational dramatic piece with exaggerated characters and exciting events intended to appeal to the emotions
EX. Sex, A Street Car Named Disire
Trifles
-Exposition- Mr. Wright is murdered and Mrs. Wright is being questioned
-Point of attack- when they enter the house and notice things are disrupted/ unkempt
-Rising action: when they notice the recent stitching is more frantic than the rest of the quilt, questioned if this was a quilt or a knot
-Crisis: They find the cage and the bird and realize the symbolism of Mr. Wright's death
-Climax: When the women are trying to hide the bird from the men in mrs hales ac
-Falling action: men come down stairs women keep the evidence, laugh at the men and walk to the courthouse
-Characters- George Henderson, County Attorney, Henry Peters, Sheriff, Lewis Hale, A neighboring farmer, Mrs. Peters, Mrs. Hale
Uncle Tom's Cabin
-Exposition:
-Point of attack: When Eliza overhears how they want to sell her child so they escape
-Rising action: sold to st clare and everyone is dying around them
-Crisis: Tom is sold to Legree
-Climax: Cute and Marks decide to blackmail Legree by and they take mr shelby to find tom, when he arrives tom is dying
-Falling action: Tom dies and goes to heaven
-Characters: Uncle Tom, St. Clare ( owner of Uncle Tom), Legree, Topsy (maid that was adopted when moved to Vermont), George Harris (slave), Eva St. Clare ( child of Mr. St. Clare that died of illness), Miss Ophelia
A Doll's house
-Exposition: Torvald won't have to worry about money anymore bc Torvald gets a new job managing the bank, torvald was sick goes to italy
Point of attack: Mrs. Linde is the unknown guest
-Rising action: when nora and mrs linde talk about how torvald is sick and lies about where she gets the money for italy, mrs linde asks for a job
-Crisis: Nora feels trapped inside of her own home
-Climax: Krogstead writes letter blackmailing nora saying how she got the money, torvald finds it.
-Falling action: Nora leaves because he is not devoted to her but he likes the idea of someone being able to depend; how she treats him like shit
-Characters: Nora, Torvald, Krogstad, Mrs. Linde, Dr. Rank
The importance of being Earnest
-Exposition- In London Jack (also known as Ernest) and Algernon are wealthy gentlemen
-Point of Attack- Algernon and Jack create characters so they can miss unappealing social experiments or go party
-Rising action- Jack wants to marry Algernon's cousin Gwendolen but first needs to convince her mother, of the respectability of his parents
-Crisis- Algernon introduces himself to Jack's cousin Cecily as Ernest then jack comes home and tells everyone that Ernest is dead
-Climax- Jack discovers that his parents were were Lady Bracknell's sister and brother-in-law and
-Falling Action-that his parents are good enough and the two can marry
-Characters- Jack Worthing, Algernon Moncrieff, Gwendolen Fairfax, Lady Bracknell, Cecily Cardew
Macinal
-Exposition-
-Point of Attack-
-Rising action-
-Crisis-
-Climax-
-Falling Action-
-Characters-
A Streetcar named Desire
-Exposition- Blanche a school teacher moves to New Orleans to live with her sister Stella but she just shows up random bc her life was falling apart
-Rising action-
-Crisis- when one of the major characters decided not to bury the hatchett
-Climax- Stella ask Mitch to marry her but he says no
-Falling Action-
-Characters- Blanche Dubois, Stella Kowalski, Stanley Kowalski, Harold "Mitch" Mitchell, Eunice, Allan Grey
The Women Question in late 19th century
-Relegating women to the home- homemakers
-Limited rights
-could own property
-divorce very difficult
-Prostitution is at an all time high
-US women suffrage 1920, England 1928
Things Strindberg wanted for women
Same rights to eduction as men
Right to vote
Eligible for all occupations but military
Women keep their names
Sons take dads name, daughters take moms name
Separate bedrooms for couples
If we want equality we need to abolish all special treatment to women
What did immigration do?
Cities doubling in size by decade
Lead to clash of classes
Popular Theatre Types of mid 1800s
Minstreal, Vaudeville and Burlesque
Vaudeville
Variety of acts, no scripted performances
Short skit like plays
Used to have between acts of long plays but now had own theaters
Popular well into the 20th century
Have "circuits" in U.S.; and "the big time," where you "play the palace"
Women were able to perform in Vaudeville, what women did?
May Irwin
African Americans could perform in Vaudeville, who did?
Only for white audiences
Nicolas bros
Burlesque
Began serious dramatic works (Ham-let and Egg-let)
Lydia Thompson and her British blondes
By early 1900s all about the female body objectified
Minstrelsley
Life on plantation- slaves are happy, masters are kind
"Daddy Rice" (in blackface) danced as Jim Crow
Made fun of African Americans
Laura Keene
Women manager
Charlotte Cushman
Cross Dressed
Impact of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Hit of the century
Helped theater's reputation- a "moral" show
Based on Harriet Beecher Stowe's best selling novel
30 national tours at the same time
Play showed how bad slavery was
Contradicts view of minstrelsy
Used Blackface
Astor Place Riot between who and why?
Dispute between Edwin Forrest, one of the best known american actors of the time and William Charles Macready, also a notable English actor
It was over which one of them was better than the other at acting Shakespeare
deadliest to the date of civic disturbances
Oscar Wilde
was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s
died early of Meningitis
The "ISMs"
the shaking off of an idea that the aim of theatre is to represent human behavior and the physical world in the way it is usually perceived
They represent a subjective vision---freeing the audience from the need to compare the subject with its artistic representation.
Expressionism characteristics
Main character often martyr-like---sacrificed to materialism
Characters generic: Man. Husband. Minister.
Dialogue often reduced to one word—telegraphic.
Expressionism Design
distorted, exaggerated shapes, abnormal colors, mechanical movement, telegraphic speech to lead audience beyond surface appearances
Expressionism Drama
most expressionistic plays are episodic, deriving unity form central idea
Olive Logan
Serious actresses suffer from discrimination for "leg business"
Harlem Renaissance
a positive black literary movement
Great Migration to NYC of African Americans from the South into northern cities in 1915 looking for work
200,000 black men go to fight and see lack of hostility, the equal treatment by the French--made them more aware of inequality in US.
What happened to films before 1934?
Films more popular but in"Roaring 20s" reactions against violence (gangster films) and sex in films
Mae West
had an impact on my social problems
known for her lighthearted bawdy double entendres and breezy sexual independence
Wrote play Sex
Legion of Decency
After 1934 films changed
Group of Catholic Bishops, protestant and Jewish churchmen got Hollywood to "clean up its act by forming under Joseph Breen
Legion of Decency resulted in the creation of this
The Production Code- had great effect on film content for the next 20 years
Was just the censorship and guidlines of what could be in film
Fears post WWII
The atomic bomb and communism
HUAC
Senator Joseph McCarthy JR
Are you now or have you ever been, next expected to name names and incriminate others
Themes in Arthur Miller's plays
The importance of maintaining one's honor
The importance of finding and living the truth, at any cost
Impact of Kinsey Report
brought up new discussions about sex
Tennessee Williams
Women strong in his plays
An actress's playwright
Wrote a streetcar named Desire
Sexuality in plays
Actor's studio
opened in 40s but most famous in 50s
taught an idea of method acting
Method Acting
an actor aspires to complete emotional identification with a part
Being the part outside of the play too
Josephine Baker
devoted herself to fighting segregation and racism in the United States
What was Mrs. Wright motive for killing Mr Wright?
That he killed the bird
First thing ms hale and ms peters find to think that ms wright is being abused
The quilt
Who does blanch say the line ive always relied on the kindness of strangers
the doctor
When uncle dies then tom is sold to
Legree
Who are the perfect Christians in UTC?
Eva and Tom
First scene of UTC takes place where?
...
One event in the rising action of the doll house
when krogstead finds out she forged the signature
What is Torvalds new job
a manager at a new bank
Examples of realism in doll house
...
person considered to be "earnest"
jack
Sex- the antagonist
rocky, clara
Margies profession
prostitutes
Late 19th century two restrictions on women
couldn't vote and hard to get a divorce, keep her kids, couldn't barrow money
what are the death scenes between eva and tom
eva died cause she was sick and tom was beaten
What are two examples of expressionism in plays-
mechical movements, teleagraphic speech
How might menstrual shows delayed the absolutist movement
because absolutist in north were trying to get slavery removed but the menstrual shows wanted to show that slaves were happy
What things did stinberg ones that have not happened yet
separate bedrooms, daughters keep mother names and sons keep father, mother get allowance If they stay in the home
Describe two legal restrictions upon women in the late nineteenth century
They couldn't vote and they couldn't own property
What is one event in the rising action of A Doll's House?
Finding out that nora borrowed the money when she's talking to Mrs. Lynn
What was the name of the character who lost his job and was trying to blackmail Nora in Dolls house?
Krogstad
Where and when does Uncle Tom's Cabin take place? (First scene)?
In the South: Kentucky/ Virginia
What was Mrs. Wright motive for killing Mr Wright?
...