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Psych 356 Midterm Ch 2
Terms in this set (30)
What is translational research?
Communication between basic science and applied clinical research
What are the 3 fundamental ethical principles?
Respect for persons, beneficence, justice
What does the brain stem do?
Controls most fundamental biological functions (living, breathing)
What is a lesion?
Area of damage or abnormality
What does the midbrain do?
Brings together sensory information with movement (coordinating center)
What does the cerebral cortex produce?
Abstract thought, creativity, time
Language, cognitive functions, linear/logical
Creativity, imagery, intuition
What lobe handles processing, auditory + visual info and naming/labeling?
What lobe handles sensory info and visuospacial processing?
What is the occipital lobe?
Center of visual processing
What lobe handles reasoning, impulse control, judgment, language, memory, motor function, etc.?
What does the corpus callosum do?
Connects the two sides (hemispheres) of the brain
What nervous system contains cranial nerves, controls sensation + muscle movement?
Sensory Somatic Nervous System
What nervous system contains the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems?
Autonomic Nervous System
What nervous system returns functions to normal levels?
What does the endocrine system do?
Regulates bodily functions using hormones
What carries chemical messagers and releases them into the bloodstream?
What relays electrical signals from one neuron to another?
What does neuroimaging do?
Creates detailed images of the brain
What are examples of neuroimaging?
CT, CAT, MRI, fMRI
What is the measure of heritable changes in expression of genes?
What is the most common single case design?
What does a correlation coefficient do?
Indicates the direction and strength of relationship
What does efficacy research do?
Maximizes internal validity
What does internal validity measure?
If the IV caused changes in the DV
What does external validity measure?
Can they generalize the findings to the outside (people/situations)
What is the measure of disease patterns in human populations and factors that influence those patterns?
Documenting the presence of physical or psychological disorders in human population
When scientists manipulate exposure to either casual or preventive factors
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