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26 terms

PSYO353-CH5 part (131-141): gender identity & gender roles

Psychology 353 Aspects of Human Psychology Chapter 5 PART (131-141) - Vocabulary
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Gender
The psychological state of being female or being male, as influenced by cultural concepts of gender-appropriate behaviour; compare and contrast the concept of gender with anatomic sex, which is based on the physical differences between females and males
Gender typing
The process by which children acquire behaviour that is deemed appropriate to their sex
Sexual differentiation
The process by which males and females develop distinct reproductive anatomy
Chromosome
One of the rod-like structures found in the nucleus of every living cell that carry the genetic code in the form of genes
Zygote
a fertilized ovum (egg cell)
Embryo
The stage of prenatal development that begins with implantation of a fertilized ovum in the uterus and concludes with development of the major organ systems at about two months after conception.
Androgens
Male sex hormones
Testosterone
The male sex hormone that fosters the development of male sex characteristics and is connected with the sex drive
Inguinal canal
A fetal canal that connects the scrotum and the testes, allowing the latter to descend
Cryptorchidism
The condition defined by undescended testes
Klinefelter syndrome
A sex-chromosomal disorder caused by an extra X sex chromosome
Turner syndrome
A sex-chromosomal disorder caused by loss of some X chromosome material
Gender identity
One's belief of being male or female
Sex assignment
The labeling of a newborn as a male or a female, also termed gender assignment
Intersexual
A person who possesses the gonads of one gender but external genitalia that are ambiguous or typical of the other gender (also termed pseudohermaphrodite)
Hermaphrodites
People who possess both ovarian and testicular tissue
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
A form of intersexualism in which a genetic female has internal female sexual structures but masculinized external genitals.
Androgen-insensitivity syndrome
A form of intersexualism in which a genetic male is prenatally insensitive to androgens. As a result, his genitals do not become normally masculinized.
Intersexuality
All the different types of syndromes characterized by some abnormality or anomaly in physical sex differentiation
Dominican Republic syndrome
A form of intersexualism in which a genetic enzyme disorder prevents testosterone from masculinizing the external genitalia
Transsexualism
A condition in which people strongly desire to be of the other sex and live as a person of the other sex; referred to as gender identity disorder by the American Psychiatric Association
Transgenderism
"(1) a synonym for transsexualsim;
(2) an activist movement seeking rights and pride for transgendered individuals (see pg. 138 for long list of people included in this)"
Gender dysphoria
A sense of incongruity between one's anatomic sex and one's gender identity
Homosexual transsexuals
Extremely feminine gay men who seek sex reassignment
Autogynephilic
Descriptive of transsexuals who are sexually stimulated by fantasies that their own bodies are female; from roots meaning "self", "woman", and "love" or "desire"
Phalloplasty
The surgical creation of an artificial penis