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Enclosure Movement

Taking over & fencing off land to that once had been shared by peasant farmers
- Replace the small strips of land with larger fields
- Made farming more efficient, improving agricultural production


Where workers and machines came together in one place to produce a larger amount of goods


Moving from rural (farms) areas to urban (city) areas - John Locke

Agrarian Revolution

Improvements in the methods of farming


- A group of textile workers who made things by hand
- Destroyed the machines b/c they thought the machines were taking away their jobs


- Had a strong disapproval on the evils of industrial capitalism
- People as a whole who would benefit rather than individuals (Society)


The idea that the goal of society should be the "greatest good for the greatest number" of its citizens


- Classless society
* No private property
* Everyone has the same


The working class


Government should not interfere w/ biz (businesses)

Karl Marx

- Scientific Socialism
- Wrote The Communist Manifesto
- History's struggle between 'have' and 'have-nots'
- Have-nots are the proletariat
- Classless society

Adam Smith

- Capitalism
* Free Market/Trade
* Competition
* Profit
- Wrote Wealth of Nations
- Laissez-Faire

Thomas Malthus

Population will outlast food supply


- Early Socialists
- When there is no difference between rich & poor, there is no fighting
- Everything is shared

The Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx wrote book

Wealth of Nations

Adam Smith wrote book

Assembly Line

The product moves along a conveyor belt across the factory. Workers at various stations add parts as the belt moves past them.

Interchangeable Parts

Identical parts that can be used in place of one another; replacement parts
Ex: Mr. Potato head

Bessemer Process

How steel was made

Louis Pasteur

Pasteurization of milk; rabies vaccine

William Morton

Vaccine for TB

Joseph Lister



The right to vote

Social Darwinism

Only the strong survive (Survival of the fittest)

Ashley Mines Report

Report on child labor in the coal mines

Patience Kernshaw

Testified bad child labor in the mines

Sadler Report

Report about child labor in textile industry

Industrial Revolution

A long, slow, uneven process in which production shifted from simple hand tools to complex machines

Where the Industrialization started


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