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14 terms

Voice Leading Rules

STUDY
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Move Voices as little as possible when changing chords.
Rule 1: Resolve Tendency Tones
Leading tone, 7, does not need resolve up when an inner voice.
When the chordal 7th (4) in a V7 must always resolve down by a step.
Guideline 1
Generally retain the common tone between two chords
Guideline 2
Move the upper three voices mostly by seconds and thirds; follow leaps larger than a fourth with a step in the opposite direction.
Guideline 3
Avoid melodic leaps involving augmented intervals. Leaps involving diminished intervals are fine as long as a stepwise change of direction follows.
Guideline 4
If any pair of upper voices leaps simultaneously by more than a third; something may be wrong, try revering pitches.
Maintain the independence and musical territory for each voice
Rule 2: do not move from one unison, octave, or perfect fifth to another in parallel or contrary motion.
Rule 3
Do not double tendency notes( Ch7 , chordal dissonances, chromatically altered tones).
Rule 4
Keep adjacent upper voices S-A and A-T within an octave of each other, there may be more than an octave between the tenor and bass
Guideline 5
Avoid voice crossings
Guideline 6
Avoid similar motion to octaves and fifths between the soprano and bass, unless the soprano moves stepwise, called direct octaves and fifths.
Construct Chords Logically
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Guidline 7
In general use complete chords, although you may omit the chordal fifth if it smoothes the voice leading
Guideline 8
Double the root of root position chords. You may double the members if it makes for smoother leading. Prefer doubling the root, then 5th, then 3rd; sometimes you have to double the Ch3
Rule
Leading tone in soprano MUST resolve