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35 terms

Freshmen ch.8

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Catholic
universal
Roman Catholic Church
center of medieval society
Laity
non-enlisted
Clergy
enlisted
Gregory 1
first true pope
Purgatory
place of temporary punishment
Franks
most powerful Germanic tribe
Merovingian House
descendants of Clovis
Major Domo
extended his authority
Charles Martel
Battle of Tours
Pepin the Short
appealed to the pope
Carolingian House
replaced Merovingians
Missi Dominici
king's messengers
Aachen
leading center of learning
Alcuin
most distinguished scholar
Carolingian Miniscule
model for lowercase writing today
Treaty of Verdun
split empire into three kingdoms
Vikings
norsemen
Charles the Bald
west Frankland
Louis the German
east Frankland
Lothair
title of emperor; land between brothers
Land
basis of wealth and power
Homage
ceremony where a man becomes a vassal
Castle
center of life
Investiture
symbolic act of giving fief
Aids
financial payment supplied by vassal
Chivalry
strict code of behavior for knights
Peace of God
forbade the pillage of Church property
Truce of God
limited fighting to specific weekdays
Freemen
priveleged peasants
Tournament
mock war
Serfs
peasants
Two-field system
planted crops on half of land
Three-field system
increased productivity
Manor
self-contained farming community