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AP Exam 1
Terms in this set (65)
Histology would be best defined as a study of ________.
C) cell chemistry
D) the gross structures of the body
The study of large body structures, visible to the naked eye, such as the heart is called ________ anatomy.
What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback?
A) to control all body system tissues
B) to maintain homeostasis
C) to keep the body's sugar high
D) to regulate excretion
B) to maintain homeostasis
The heart lies in the _______ cavity
A structure that is composed of two or more tissue types that work together to perform specific functions for the body is a _______
Which of the following would not be a functional characteristic of life?
C) maintenance of boundaries
D) responsiveness to external stimuli
The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60% to 80% of body weight, is ________.
Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region?
which one of the following systems responds fastest to environmental stimuli?
In which body cavities are the lungs located?
pleural, ventral, and thoracic
Place the following in correct sequence from simplest to most complex:
The dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following?
Which of the following describes the operation of the heart and blood vessels?
The basic structural material of the body consists of
a chemical reaction in which bonds are broken is usually associated with
a) a synthesis
b) forming a larger molecule
c) consumption of energy
d) the release of energy
the release of energy
which of the following is the major positive ion outside cells?
The four elements that make up about 96% of body matter are ________.
carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
Sucrose is a
Which vesicular transport process occurs primarily in some white blood cells and macrophages?
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boundary of the cells
which of the following would not be a constituent of a plasma membrane?
mitiosis is ________
division of the cell for repair/ growth
The main component of the cytosol is ________.
What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?
the simple columnar epithelium that form absorptive cells of the digestive tract have which characteristic?
Cell type not found in areolar connective tissue.
The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common or related function form a(n) ________.
The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.
A) adipose tissue
B) elastic cartilage
C) hyaline cartilage
Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.
A many-layered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________.
Which is true concerning muscle tissue?
A) highly cellular and well vascularized
B) cuboidal shape enhances function
C) contains contractile units made of collagen
D) is a single-celled tissue
Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?
Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.
The major regions of a hair shaft include all of the following except ________.
external root shaft
Acne is a disorder associated with ________.
A) sweat glands
B) sebaceous glands
C) Meibomian glands
D) ceruminous glands
Which glands produce ear wax?
The reason the hypodermis acts as a shock absorber is because
a. it is located just below the epidermis and protects the dermis from shock
b. it has no delicate nerve ending and can therefore absorb more shock
c. the major part of its makeup is adipose, which serves as an effective shock absorber
d. the cells that make up the hypodermis secrete a protective mucus
the dermis is a strong, flexible connective tissue layer. which of the following cell types are likely to be found in the dermis?
fibroblasts, macrophages, and mast cells
The dermis has two major layers. Which layer constitutes 80% of the dermis and is responsible for the tension lines in the skin?
A dendritic or Langerhan cell is a specialized _______.
b. squamous epithelial cell
c. nerve cell
d. phagocytic cell
Sudoriferous (sweat) glands are categorized as two distinct types. Which of the following are the two types of sweat glands?
merocrine and aprocrine
where would you find apocrine glands?
Axillae, areolae, anogenital, auditory canal, eyelids
the body with chemical molecules called hormones
oxygen and nutrients to the tissues
and filters excess fluid from tissues
A bond in which electrons are shared unequally
polar covalent bond
a bond in which electrons are completely lost or gained by the atoms involved
a type of bond important in tying different parts of the same molecule together into a three-dimensional structure
the actual site of protein synthesis
dense spherical bodies in the nucleus that are the synthesis site for ribosomal RNA
Hollow cytoskeletal elements that act as organizers for the cytoskeleton
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body
the epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior membrane
Consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
The most abundant cells of the epidermis.
the protein found in the epidermis that is responsible for toughening the skin
Cells plus a disc-like sensory nerve ending that functions as a sensory receptor for touch.
May indicate embarrassment, fever, hypertension, inflammation, or allergy.
May indicate fear, anger, anemia, or low blood pressure.
Usually indicates a liver disorder
a bluish color in light-skinned individuals
the term that describes the neck regon
the uppermost layer of skin is composed of
keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
the only place you will find stratum _________ is in the skin that covers the palms, fingertips, and soles of the feet.
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