12 terms

Chapt. 4 sec. 1 biology review

Explain how organic compounds differ from inorganic compounds
Organic compounds contain carbon, and inorganic compounds do not.
Give three examples of organic compounds
Sugars, fats, and proteins
Give four examples of inorganic compounds
Salt, Iron oxide, Magnesium sulfate, and silicon dioxide
Explain why carbon can form many different kinds of compounds
The outer four electrons are available for sharing with other atoms
Explain the importance of the phosphate functional group
its involved in the chemical reactions that for nucleic acids
Explain why the amine functional group is important
its involved in reactions that form proteins and amino acids
identify the biological compounds containing the carboxyl acid group
are involved in the different reactions that form fat proteins
Explain the importance of the hydroxyl or alcohol functional group in the formation of biological compounds
they are involved in the reactions that form carbohydrates and lipids
explain how monomers and polymers differ
monomers are small building black molecules and polymers are linked monomers
give two examples of polymers made by living organisms
starch and proteins
how are some monomers linked together to form polymers
covalent bonds
explain how dehydration synthesis differs from hydrolysis
dehydration synthesis forms the covalent bonds between monomers and hydrolysis breaks them apart with water