Unit 2: Ch 17 Taxonomy
Terms in this set (14)
the most recent ancestral form or species from which two different species evolved
Evolutionary history of a species
A taxonomic grouping that includes only a single ancestor and all of its descendants.
diagram depicting patterns of shared characteristics among species
First and largest category used to classify organisms
A classification grouping that consists of a number of similar, closely related species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring.
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
prokaryotic live in harsh enviroments.
A kingdom that contains all prokaryotes except archaebacteria
a kingdom of mostly one-celled eukaryotic organisms that are different from plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi
kingdom of multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophs whose cells do not have cell walls
A kingdom made up of complex, multicellular organisms that are usually green, have cell walls made of cellulose, cannot move around, and use the sun's energy to make sugar by photosynthesis.
Kingdom composed of heterotrophs; many obtain energy and nutrients from dead organic matter
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