17 terms

Chapter 30 Introduction to Outdoor Emergency Care Vocabulary

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Adolescent
an individual ages 13-18 years focus shifts from parents to peers decision making abstract thinking and complex memorization skills develop.
Child abuse
any act or failure to act on the part of a parent a caregiver or any adult that results in serious physical or emotional harm or imminent risk of harm to a child.
Child neglect
a failure to act on the part of a parent a caregiver or other responsible adult to provide for the physical emotional educational safety or social needs of a child to the extent that emotional developmental or physical harm may occur.
Decompensated shock
shock that results from the body's inability to compensate for low blood volume or inadequate tissue perfusion
Epiglottis
an inflammation and swelling of the epiglottis the small leaf shaped structure that covers the larynx when a person swallows and prevents food from entering the trachea.
Fontanel
the unfused suture between the bones of the skull of a newborn that allows expansion of the growing brain the fontanel s close at approximately 18-20 months of age.
Infant
a child ages 2-12 months
Meningitis
an inflammation of the membranes covering the spinal cord and brain may be caused by viruses or bacteria.
Newborn
a child in the first months of life children in the stage are also said to be in the neonatal period.
Pediatric assessment triangle
an assessment tool that utilizes a pediatric patient's appearance (mental status body position and muscle tone) work of breathing (visable movement, effort and audible sounds) and circulation (skin color) to assess the patient's well being.
Preschool period
the period of childhood during ages 3-5 years a time in which a child gains fine motor skills and greater independence.
Retraction
the condition in which muscles pull in between the ribs and above the sternum upon inhalation.
School aged child
a child ages 6-12 years.
Shaken baby syndrome
a condition in which an infant or toddler is picked up and violently shaken causing a tramatic brain injury.
Sudden infant death syndrome
the sudden unexplained death of an infant in which a post mortem examination fails to determine the cause of death.
Toddler
a child ages 12-36 months. The stage at which a child begins to explore climb and speak simple words or phrases.
Tripod position
a position in which a patient sits upright and leans forward onto outstretched arms the head and chin are thrust forward in an attempt to keep the airway open.
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