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49 terms

psy exam

test 2
STUDY
PLAY
The theory of emotional intelligence has been developed and/or written about by
Sternberg.
___________ means maintaining information over time.
Storage
Watson conditioned fear in Little Albert by presenting a white rat with the loud clanging sound. __________ was the CS, and __________ was the US.
The rat; the loud sound
General knowledge of history, algebra, and literature refers to __________ memory
semantic
Mozart was a child prodigy. By the age of 12, he had composed several musical pieces. According to Sternbergs model of intelligence, Mozart demonstrated a high level of ____ intelligence.
creative
Ivan Pavlov is best known for his research in
classical conditioning.
Mental categories used to class together objects, relations, events, abstractions or qualities that have common properties are called
concepts. Correct
Freud discovered that many patients could not recall episodes that happened prior to the age of three and that their recall was cloudy through the age of five. He identified this phenomenon as __________ amnesia.
infantile
Practical intelligence is what might be called ____.
street smart
__________ memory is recalling information that was previously learned; and _________ memory refers to remember to do things in the future.
Retrospective; prospective
Emotional intelligence" is similar to Howard Gardners ____ intelligence.
intrapersonal & interpersonal Correct
In contrast to learning theory, the nativist theory of language development proposes that ____ factors account for the acquisition of language.
inborn
Any stimulus that, when removed, increases the likelihood that a behavior will continue is called a(n)
negative reinforcer.
A slot machine is an example of a
variable ratio schedule. Correct
You are walking along and suddenly startled by the loud sound of a truck backfiring. Your startle response is the ____, and the sound of the backfire is the ____.
UR; US Correct
According to Bandura a person who engages in a response to be imitated is a
model.
Atkinson and Shiffrin proposed the three stages of memory referred to as
sensory, short-term, and long-term.
During Pavlov's classic experiments, after conditioning, the bell was the __________, and salivation was the __________.
CS; CR
A problem-solving technique that involves a specific procedure for the particular type of problem is called
an algorithm.
____ thinking is to narrowing choices as ____ thinking is to broadening choices.
Convergent; divergent
A three-year-old says, "Mommy goed away." This sentence is an example of
overregularization.
A fixed ratio schedule is best described as providing reinforcement after
a fixed number of correct responses have been made.
Breaking complex behaviors down into smaller steps, and reinforcing those steps sequentially as they are completed describes the principle of
shaping
Information at the beginning and end of a list tends to be more easily recalled than information in the middle of the list. This cognitive process is called
serial-position effect.
Howard Gardner has proposed the existence of seven kinds of
intelligence
All of the following are examples of reinforcement schedules except
fixed intermittent
Thomas Edison did poorly in school, but excelled as an inventor. According to Sternbergs model of intelligence, Edison lacked ____ intelligence, but was superior in ____ intelligence.
analytical; creative Correct
A child who is afraid of the water is tossed into a swimming pool to teach him how to swim is an example of
flooding
A Skinnerian therapist treating a patient with depression would focus on
all of these: a. modifying depressive behavior patterns.
c. discrete, observable behaviors of the depressed patient.
d. providing a concrete schedule of specific behaviors to accomplish.
According to interference theory we forget material because
a and b only
Dr. Whorf believes that language structures the way we perceive the world. Therefore, people who speak various languages conceptualize the world in different ways. This is called
the linguistic relativity hypothesis. Correct
Benjamin can remember exactly where he was and what he was doing when he heard about the death of his big brother. This is called a(n)
flashbulb memory.
A dog can be trained to salivate when a bell is sounded by
pairing the sound of the bell with the delivery of food. Correct
Bandura's classic Bobo Doll study on aggressive modeling demonstrates
observational learning.
Forgetting that occurs because new information inhibits the retrieval of previously learned information or because previously learned information inhibits the retrieval of new information is explained by
interference theory. Correct
The classic studies that first made use of nonsense syllables in the study of forgetting and memory were pioneered by
Hermann Ebbinghaus
Communication of thoughts and feelings through symbols that are arranged according to the rules of grammar defines
language
In Ebbinghaus's classic curve of forgetting, the greatest memory loss occurs
most rapidly just after the material is initially learned.
Giovannis car was in a snow bank, and his rear wheels were without traction. He used his ski jacket under one tire and a flattened cardboard box under the other tire to provide the traction he needed to get the car out of the snow bank. Giovanni did NOT show ____ in coming to this solution.
functional fixedness Correct
Your dog starts to salivate when you use the electric can opener to open his can of dog food. After learning the principles of classical conditioning, it becomes obvious to you that the can opener has become an effective
CS.
Generating many possible solutions is a characteristic of
divergent thinking. Correct
A car dealers summer and fall incentive programs are an example of a
fixed interval schedule.
After being conditioned to fear a white rat, Little Albert cried in the presence of other furry objects such as a rabbit and fur coat. This is due to
generalization
The two types of explicit memory described by Tulving are
semantic and episodic memory
The process of locating and returning information to consciousness is referred to as
retrieval.
According to Robert Sternberg, academic ability is ____ intelligence.
analytical
Alex, your dog, has just been switched from dry dog food to canned dog food. Alex has always made a fast dash to the kitchen every time he heard the dog food bag rattling. Switching to canned food will most likely result in
the sound of the bag losing its status as a CS for Alex.
Another term for the "Aha!" experience is
insight
The memory of how to perform a task is
implicit memory