Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (40)
•The study of human beings
•The study of allaspects of the human experience
•The analysis of cultural data from one culture
•The study of one culture or one aspect of that culture
•The analysis and comparison of cultural data across cultures
•A cross-cultural and comparative study
•The outsider's perspective
•A perspective that is often detached from the culture being studied as it seeks to be "objective" and "scientific"
•Often the perspective of the anthropologist
•The insider's perspective
•A perspective that is often that of the people, community, or culture being studied; it tends to be "subjective" and "non-scientific"
The holistic perspective
Understanding how all aspects of a culture or society are connected and how one aspect affects and influences another
•The view that your culture and way of life are superior to others
•Judging other cultures based on the norms and standards of your culture
The belief that a culture, its practices, norms, values, etc., need to be viewed and understood in the context of that specific culture
•No culture is superior to another, there are only differences between cultures
A system of knowledge, beliefs, values, morals and symbols, in terms of which human groups interact among themselves, with other groups, and with their natural environment
Culture is NOT behavior, it gives CUES to behaviors
All human groups have cultures
interacting groups of individuals; organized life in human groups
patterns of behavior in a society; patterned social interaction within or between groups
one's specific social position
specific behavior associated with a specific status
established rules that often guide one's behaviors and interactions with others
the term anthropologists use for on-location research
a key anthropological research strategy involving both participation in and observation of the daily life of the people being studied
personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
A strategy to obtain data from a small group of people using interview questions
A formal or informal approach to elicit information from stakeholders by talking to them directly.
Research Participant Protection Program
Institutional Review Board
Human Subjects Committee
A social philosophy and movement advocating the improvement of human genetics through the promotion of higher reproduction of people with desired traits (or positive eugenics), and reduced reproduction of people with less-desired or undesired traits (or negative eugenics)
•A false biological category used to group people together based on phenotypical differences, such as skin color, hair color, hair texture, etc.
There are NO biological justifications for racial divisions
the one drop rule.
A person born to parents of two races is automatically classified as the minority parents race.
Individual who adopt a racial identity other than that with which they were born.
Historically, the term was used to identify individuals adopted by families who were of a different race.
the belief that one type of skin tone is superior or inferior to another within a racial group
A shared common identity, distinct language or dialect, and distinct culture, often tied to land resources, modes of production, animals and plants, oral and written history, world view, and a common origin among members of a group within a broader society.
We distinguish between us and others by drawing boundaries on the basis of the claims we make about ourselves and others.
The perception of otherness is invented from people cultures and constructions of race and ethnicity.
•Explanations of observed relationships between two or more variables
•Anthropological theories are developed and tested through fieldwork, ethnographies, and ethnologies
-The use and application of anthropological theories, methodologies, and knowledge to advance the understanding of the human experience
-Theoretical anthropological research tends to be concerned with testing theoretical propositions and the advancement of traditional academic and scholarly endeavors
•The use and application of anthropological theories, methodologies, and knowledge to help address economic, health, social, and other human problems •Applied anthropological research tends to be problem-oriented research, or research designed to solve a particular cultural or social problem, rather than test a theoretical proposition
•Cultures move from one stage to another in a linear fashion, going from a primitive or savage state of hunting and gathering to a civilized state -that of Western Europe
•The only evolution that applies is how that culture changes through time; it is not necessarily moving ahead or behind, just changing
•Cultures cannot be compared to one another -they are separate and must be treated as such
•Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
•Societies evolve through stages, each with distinct modes of production
•Societies move from one stage to another through class struggle
critical medical anthropology
•Merrill Singer and Hans Baer
•Comes out of Marxism
•Focuses on how socio-economic status influences health, illness and access to healthcare
The material world, especially economic and ecological conditions, shape peoplesʼcustoms and beliefs
People make sense of their worlds through the use of symbols and symbolic activities, like myth and ritual
The analysis of the relationship between a culture and its environment.
•People make sense of their worlds through binary oppositions -hot and cold, male and female, raw and cooked, etc
.•The binaries are expressed in social institutions and cultural practices
•Humans and their lives are a part of a series of inter-related components, each of which has a particular function
•Social systems have particular functions that keep society functioning
•Rejects the idea that there are underlying structures that explain the human condition•Embraces the idea that cultural processes are unstable, ambiguous, and dynamic, and that the observer of cultural processes can never see culture completely objectively
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Anthropology Chapters 1-3
soc test 1
Anthropology Test 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Pharmacology lecture 7
Pharmacology lecture 3b
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Health Part 1 GEE
Pro Tools Level 210
Cours 8 - Quelle incidence des régulatio…
Econ 115 Lectures 12 and 13