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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Chapter 1 Gateway to American Government
Terms in this set (19)
The fundamental rights that all people are born with-life, liberty and property
An agreement that said the people will obey the government and the government will protect the people. If the government fails to protect the people, the people can overthrow the government. Also where citizens agree to obey a set of rules, and the government agrees to protect the citizens' rights.
Separation of Powers
The idea of dividing government into three branches so that one part of government does not have all the power. One branch will have the power to make laws, ones to interpret laws and one to enforce them. The government is divided into parts, with each part having its own purpose of enforcing, creating, or interpreting laws.
Checks and Balances
A system in government where each branch of government has equal power and the ability to limit the the power of the other two branches.
A 1215 government document that limited the power of the king and protected certain rights for the nobles, basically limiting the power of a monarch and which the king was forced to sign.
An agreement or contract made by the pilgrims/among the colonists to create a self government and to follow its rules, to avoid having an over powering government like England when they landed in the New World. In exchange, they would all protect each other.
English Bill of Rights
This 1689 document gave Parliament power and gave people some individual freedom and rights, basically limiting government powers and the power of the king even more.
A government in which people have the control and say in how it is run, for example the pilgrims on the Mayflower
The idea of placing rules on a ruler/government so that one person does not have all the power. When the power of government is limited by the Constitution, and each branch is limited in what it can do.
A time period when philosophers thought people should use reason to make the world a better place. Writers of the enlightenment tended to focus on government, ethics, and science, rather than on imagination, emotions, or religion.
An agreement, or contract, among a group of people
All people and society have common sense laws that they should naturally know (for example, murder is wrong).
Freedoms each person has the right to have; the liberty of an individual to exercise freely those rights generally accepted as being outside of governmental control.
American Revolution of 1776
Colonists protested and fought against the British because they were being taxed without their permission
Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)
French enlightenment thinker who came up with the idea of separation of powers and checks and balances. He said it was best to divide power into legislative, executive and judicial branches.
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to influence the colonists to fight for independence
An Enlightenment philosopher who came up with the idea of natural rights, natural law and the social contract with the government
Assemblies (meetings) of nobles where they discussed issues with representatives from other towns
Wrote a pamphlet called "Common Sense" to convince colonists to declare independence from the King and England
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Chapter 2 Gateway to American Government
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