Terms in this set (19)
a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God.
A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.
covenant between Yahweh and the Israelites; and important part of the Jewish life. Torah
The first five books of Jewish Scripture, which they believe Moses authored
A Greek word meaning "five books," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
the male head of a family or tribe
society in which men rule their families, and people trace their origins through male ancestors
Second king of Israel.He united Israel and made Israel a powerful nation. Defeated Goliath as a boy.
son of King David; the King that expanded the government and army and encouraged trade, known for his wisdom.
Hebrew name for God; means I am who I am
Ten Commandments (Decalogue)
Exodus 20, Deut 5 - Given to Moses at Sinai
Revealed again after Golden Calf
Led the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt; crossed the Red Sea and received the 10 commandments
a large-scale departure or flight
Ark of the Covenant
A sacred chest that housed the tablets of the Ten Commandments. It was placed within the sanctuary where God would come and dwell.
The first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel. Later rejected by God.
After Solomon's death, Israel divided into to Kingdoms: Israel composed of the ten northern tribes and Judah, composed of 2 tribes in the South
Son of Isaac and brother of Esau, whose birthright and blessing he stole when Isaac was on his deathbed. He had 12 sons who became the 12 Tribes of Israel.
the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; Founder of Judaism
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.