Assyrians, Medes, Neo-Babylonians, Persians
Terms in this set (20)
an empire which dominated N. Mesopotamia with their main capital at Nineveh on the Tigris river. They were heavily influenced by the Babylonian culture to the south.
King of Assyria, creator of the Assyrian Empire
king of Assyria who built a magnificent palace and library at Nineveh (668-627 BC)
What was the basis of Assyrian life?
What was the Assyrian capital?
Who was main Assyrian God?
Who were the Neo-Babylonians?
Who were the Persians?
The Persians lived in modern day Iran, and had the most powerful civilisation in S.W. Asia during 500BC-500AD. They were originally nomadic Indo-Europeans from Central Asia, who had migrated to Persia in 1000BC. They were a strong civilisation because they had learned Mesopotamian agriculture techniques through trade, and had a strong ruler called CYRUS who started the 530BC 'Achaemenid Dynasty'.
Cyrus the Great
king of Persia and founder of the Persian empire (circa 600-529 BC)
King who rebuilt Babylon and conquered Jerusalem. He built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
Which Persian king allowed captive Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple?
The third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. He ruled the empire at its peak. He organized the empire by dividing it into provinces and placing satraps to govern it. He organized a new uniform money system, along with making Aramaic the official language of the empire. He also worked on construction projects throughout the empire.
What was the Persian religion?
Main god of Zoroastrianism who represented truth and goodness and was perceived to be in an eternal struggle with the malign spirit Angra Mainyu.
What 2 factors contributed to the well-organized Assyrian Empire?
1. Elimination of hereditary rulers and the establishment of local officials responsible directly to the king. 2. An efficient communication system consisting of posting stages with horses and mules to relay messages throughout the kingdom.
Why was the Assyrian army a powerful fighting force?
It had a large standing army that used iron weapons and chariots, it used a variety of military tactics, and it created a climate of terror.
What two civilizations meshed to form the Neo-Babylonians?
The Medes and the Chaldeans.
A maritime people who spread their alphabet to others including the Hebrews, Romans, and Greeks.
City located in present-day Tunisia, founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by the expanding Roman Republic in the third century B.C.E.
A powerful nation that invaded Canaan from the sea and became the most hated enemies of Israel.